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Jose de San Martin


Jose Francisco de San Martin Matorras, also known as Jose de San Martin (25 February 1778 17 August 1850), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain.

In 1808, after joining Spanish forces in the Peninsular War against the French, and after participating in several battles such as the Battle of Bailen, Jose started making contact with South American supporters of independence from Spain.

On 12 July 1821, after seizing partial control of Lima, San Martin was appointed Protector of Peru, and Peruvian independence was officially declared on 28 July 1821. A year later, after a closed-door meeting with fellow libertador Simon Bolivar at Guayaquil, Ecuador, on 22 July 1822, Bolivar took over the task of fully liberating Peru. San Martin unexpectedly left the country and resigned the command of his army, excluding himself from politics and the military, and moved to France in 1824. The details of the 22 July meeting would be a subject of debate by later historians.

Related websites

Short biography of San Martin

Another short biography

Biography of San Martin

History of San Martin

Articles on San Martin on newspaper Clarin

Sanmartinian National Institute

Short biography of San Martin by Felipe Pigna

Guia documental del Bicentenario de la Batalla de Bailen

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Jose de San Martin


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