Jose de San Martin
Argentine military personnel
Argentines of Spanish descent
People of the Argentine War of Independence
People of the Chilean War of Independence
People of the Peruvian War of Independence
Argentine generals Forum
Jose Francisco de San Martin Matorras, also known as Jose de San Martin (25 February 1778 17 August 1850), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from Spain.
In 1808, after joining Spanish forces in the Peninsular War against the French, and after participating in several battles such as the Battle of Bailen, Jose started making contact with South American supporters of independence from Spain.
On 12 July 1821, after seizing partial control of Lima, San Martin was appointed Protector of Peru, and Peruvian independence was officially declared on 28 July 1821. A year later, after a closed-door meeting with fellow libertador Simon Bolivar at Guayaquil, Ecuador, on 22 July 1822, Bolivar took over the task of fully liberating Peru. San Martin unexpectedly left the country and resigned the command of his army, excluding himself from politics and the military, and moved to France in 1824. The details of the 22 July meeting would be a subject of debate by later historians.
Short biography of San Martin
Another short biography
Biography of San Martin
History of San Martin
Articles on San Martin on newspaper Clarin
Sanmartinian National Institute
Short biography of San Martin by Felipe Pigna
Guia documental del Bicentenario de la Batalla de Bailen
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Jose de San Martin