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Martin Miguel de Guemes


Martin Miguel de Guemes (8 February 1785 17 June 1821) was a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.

Guemes was born in Salta into a wealthy family, and was sent to study at the Royal College of San Carlos in Buenos Aires. At 14 he started his military career and took part in the defense of Buenos Aires during the British invasions of the Rio de la Plata. After the formation of the first local government junta in the May Revolution of 1810, he joined the army destined to fight the Spanish troops at the Alto Peru, which was victorious in the Battle of Suipacha (in present-day Bolivia). He then returned to Buenos Aires and took part in the siege of Montevideo.

Guemes returned to Salta in 1815, and organized the resistance against the royalists (forces loyal to Spain) employing local gauchos trained in guerrilla tactics. He was appointed Governor of Salta Province and in November of that year, General Jose Rondeau, appointed leader of the Peru campaign to replace Jose de San Martin, suffered a defeat and attempted to take weapons from Salta's gauchos. Guemes refused and the Supreme Director of the Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, Ignacio Alvarez Thomas, sent troops to help Rondeau. Eventually an agreement was reached, by which Guemes would continue to lead his forces and would help the armies sent from Buenos Aires.

Related websites

Martin Miguel de Guemes

Biography of Martin Miguel de Guemes

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Martin Miguel de Guemes


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