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Gervasio Antonio de Posadas
People of the Argentine War of Independence
Supreme Directors of Argentina
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Gervasio Antonio de Posadas y Davila was a member of Argentina's Second Triumvirate from 19 August 1813 to 31 January 1814. Then he became Supreme Director until January 9, 1815.
Posadas' early studies were at the convent of San Francisco. Then he studied and practiced law with Manuel Jose de Labarden. In 1789 was appointed notary general for the bishopric, and held that post until the events of the May Revolution. He was unaware of the impending revolution and was caught by surprise when the Cabildo (town hall)= was occupied on May 10, 1810; he did not agree that it had been legitimately done. His donations to the Sociedad Patriotica made him an associate of the Saavedrist faction, so the leaders of the riots of April 5 1811 sent him in exile to Mendoza. A month later he was appointed solicitor-procurator for the City of Buenos Aires.
The Second Triumvirate commissioned Posadas, along with Nicolas Rodriguez Pena and Juan Larrea, to draft a Constitution for consideration by the Asamblea del Ano XIII, then he became part of the Triumvirate when the Assembly granted it with the Executive Power. Shortly afterwards, on January 22 1814, the same Assembly decided to concentrate the Executive Power in him as a Supreme Director for the United Provinces, and so he took that office for a one year period. During his rule, Saavedra and Campana were exiled, Montevideo fell to the United Provinces but serious problems arose with Jose Gervasio Artigas and the Liga Federal on the Eastern Bank of the Uruguay River. Moreover, Ferdinand VII of Spain regained his throne in 1815.
He was succeeded in office by his nephew Carlos Maria de Alvear, who was removed soon afterwards by a military ''coup d'etat. By August 1815 the whole Alvearista'' faction was in disgrace and Posadas himself was jailed. The former Supreme Director was to spent the next six years in 22 different jails. He began writing his memoirs in 1829.
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