Carlos Federico Ruckauf is a Peronist politician in Argentina, member of the Justicialist Party.
He was Isabel Peron's Minister of Labour before the March 1976 military coup, and signed the decree 261/75 which ordered the "annihilation of the subversives," preparing the so-called "Dirty War." After the 1983 reestablishment of civilian government, Carlos Ruckauf became Interior Minister then vice-president of Argentina in July 1995 in the government of Carlos Menem and held that position until December 1999, when the Menem government left office. In the elections of 1999, he was elected governor of Buenos Aires Province.
Ruckauf left that position amidst Argentina's political turmoil in December 2001 to rejoin the federal government under Eduardo Duhalde. He became foreign minister and served in that position until May 25, 2003 when the Duhalde government left office.