Jose Francisco Gana
General Jose Francisco Gana Lopez was a Chilean military and political figure, who took part in the Peruvian War of Independence. Jose Francisco Gana was of Basque descent.
Gana was born in Santiago, the son of Agustin Gana Darrigrandi and of Dolores Lopez Guerrero. He entered military service in 1806 as a cadet, and in 1808 was promoted to 2nd lieutenant of the king's regiment, in which he served during the apprehension of an English invasion in 1809. In 1812 he quit the Spanish Army when his father was arrested and sent as a prisoner to Callao for participating in the preparations for the Chilean War of Independence. He decided to accompany his father to prison in Peru, and while there he joined a prisoner's revolt, was captured and tortured.
In 1820, Gana entered the service again in Peru, under the orders of General Jose de San Martin. Gana with his battalion captured the City of Huaras with the whole garrison, and, as a consequence, the provinces of Trujillo, Lambayeque, and Piura pronounced for the insurrection, leading to the whole northern portion of Peru being wrestled from the rule of the viceroy. The viceroy, Jose de La Serna, was forced to evacuate his capital, Lima, on July 6th, and on the 12th San Martin occupied the City. Independence was solemnly proclaimed on July 28th.
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