Jose Joaquin Vicuna Larrain (17861857) was a Chilean politician whose selection as vice president by Congress precipitated the Chilean Civil War of 1829. He was of Basque descent.
Vicuna was from a powerful family; of his brothers, Francisco Ramon Vicuna was an influential politician, and Manuel Vicuna was Archbishop of Santiago. He is primarily known for his role in the presidential election of 1829. He ran for president, finishing fourth; but rather than appointing the runner-up (or even second runner-up) as vice president, the Congress controlled by his brother's party appointed Joaquin, precipitating a civil war.
He founded the town of Vicuna in 1821.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Joaquin Vicuna