Roberto Silva Renard
Roberto Silva Renard was a Chilean military and political figure who served in the War of the Pacific and the Chilean Civil War. He is mostly remembered as the military chief that carried out the Santa Maria of Iquique School massacre in 1907, where more than 2,000 striking saltpeter miners, along with their wives and children, where killed.
Silva Renard began his military career in 1879, when he joined the artillery corps at the beginning of the War of the Pacific. During that war he fought at the battles of Tacna, Chorrillos and Miraflores
After the war, Silva Renard was sent to study artillery in Europa, and served as an adjunct in the German Army for five years. During the Chilean Civil War, he was one of the few army officers to join the congressional army, with the rank of major, and fought with distinction at the battles of Concon and Placilla. After the war, he was rewarded with a promotion to Lieutenant Colonel.
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