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Luis Emilio Recabarren

Luis Emilio Recabarren Serrano was a Chilean political figure. He was elected several times as deputy, and was the driving force behind the Worker's Movement in that country.

Recabarren was born in the port of Valparaiso in 1876, to Jose Agustin Recabarren and Juana Rosa Serrano. His family was very poor, so from a very early age he started to work as a typographer to help with the family finances. Even though he had very little formal schooling, he was a very voracious reader and was self-taught. He married Guadalupe del Canto, with whom had two children. After the death of his first wife, he married a second time to Teresa Flores, who helped him with his political activities.

After a trip to Antofagasta, Taltal and Tocopilla, Recabarren became aware of the extreme poverty and near-slavery conditions of the workers of the nitrate industry, so he decided to do something about that. In 1894 he joined the Democratic Party of Chile. He became an ardent public speaker and founded several organizations and newspapers to foment solidarity within the workers. His concentrated at first his political activities to his own natal city, where he became director and editor of the El Trabajo (Work) newspaper. Due to his harsh criticisms of the governmental labor policies, he was jailed for eight months. In 1905 he moved with his family to Antofagasta, where he became the publisher of the La Vanguardia (Vanguard) newspaper.

Related websites

Archivo Luis Emilio Recabarren

Luis Emilio Recabarren (1876-1924) en Memoria Chilena

Patria y patriotismo

Proceso oficial contra la Sociedad Mancomunal de Tocopilla : respuesta a la acusacion fiscal

El pensamiento de Luis Emilio Recabarrren

La Rusia obrera y campesina

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