Pamplona is a municipality and town in Norte de Santander, Colombia.
Nueva Pamplona del Valle del Espiritu Santo, the name by which Don Pedro de Ursua and Don Ortun Velasco de Velazquez paid tribute to the capital of the province of Navarre in Spain, was founded on 1 November 1549. From they divided the expeditions there that founded - among others the populations of Merida, San Cristobal and the Outcry, in the sister Republic of Venezuela, and Ocana, Salazar of the Palms, Chinacota, San Faustino, Bucaramanga and Cucuta in our country.
The natives, called Chitareros by the Spanish, were the first inhabitants of the old Province of Pamplona. They were called thus by the Spaniards, because of the general custom that the men had to carry hanging from the waist calabazo or totumo with chicha or maize wine as the Spaniards caleld it. Asking how the thing they carried was called, the natives responded that it was a chitarero.
When the area was occupied by Pedro de Ursua and Ortun Velasco in 1549, they reduced the primitive settlers to the regime of encomiendas. Around 100 groups or capitanejos were distributed in 53 encomiendas through all the territory, according to investigator Jaramillo Uribe.
The town's location allowed it to become an important commercial route between the Viceroyalty of New Granada and the Captaincy of Venezuela, with territories of great fertility and auriferous deposits in the mountains, it became one of the richest territories of the colony, only competed by the province of Socorro, which contributed to that outside considered a political and administrative axis of the Spanish crown from the time of the conquest.
Pamplona earned the nickname of "Patriotic City" as described by Simon Bolivar as pioneering the New Granadan revolution 4 July 1810, in person of Dona Agueda Gallardo de Villamizar - freedom that finally declared 31 July of the same year with a provisional Assembly -, and later, between thousands eight hundred nineteen and thousands eight hundred twenty one, by having contributed remarkably with human and economic resources for, without equal, develop liberator of Colombia and Venezuela. Pamplona was as important as Bogota.
In 1910, with the creation of the Department of Norte de Santander, were included within their political jurisdiction, integrating itself like the Province of Pamplona, that is as well conformed by the municipalities of Cacota de Velasco, Cucutilla, Chitaga, Labateca, Mutiscue, Pamplonita, Toledo and Silos. Culturally it is possible to emphasize an endless number of activities that extends the planes national and international, that make of the Student City a tourist epicenter that is worth the trouble well to share: the Greater Week - than along with the celebrations of Mompox and Popayan they are most important of the country.
The city of Pamplona is in the southwest of the Department, along with the municipalities of Pamplonita, Chitaga, Silos, Cacota and Mutiscua. The urban area by being catalogued like student city with ample impact in university formation stands out on the region, is also identified by the solemnity of its religious celebrations, between which the Easter stands out, event that counts on ample presence of originating people of the hinterlands and of Venezuela.
The agricultural production: Potatoes are the principal product, followed by strawberry, garlic, wheat, moron, maize, beans, and carrots.
Livestock: cows, pigs, fishing, rabbits and poultry
Commercial activity: food production like candies and collations, garment production, and tourism.
Pamplona is a student city and tourism is probably the main present economic activity of the city of Pamplona, where thousands of students are lodged and fed, thus also they are the main consumers in innumerable the night clubs and cafes that have been proliferating.