MundoAndino Home : Andes Chile Guide at Mundo Andino

Rene Schneider

General Rene Schneider Chereau was the Commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army at the time of the 1970 Chilean presidential election, when he was assassinated during a botched kidnapping attempt. His murder virtually assured Salvador Allende's eventual overthrow and death in a coup shortly thereafter. He also coined the doctrine of military-political mutual exclusivity that became known as the Schneider Doctrine.

In 1970, the prospect of Salvador Allende winning the Chilean presidency was highly controversial, particularly within the Chilean military, because of his Marxist ideology. Schneider had expressed firm opposition to the idea of preventing Allende's inauguration by means of a coup d'etat; as a constitutionalist, he wished to preserve the military's apolitical history.

After the 1970 Chilean presidential election, a plot to kidnap Schneider was developed. "Neutralizing" Schneider became a key prerequisite for a military coup; he opposed any intervention by the armed forces to block Allende's constitutional election. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) supplied a group of Chilean officers led by General Camilo Valenzuela with "sterile" weapons for the operation which was to be blamed on Allende supporters and prompt a military takeover.

Related websites

CIA, Cable Transmissions on Coup Plotting, October 18, 1970

Why has he got away with it? - Edited extract from The Trial of Henry Kissinger, by Christopher Hitchens, in the The Guardian

Why the law wants a word with Kissinger - Sidney Magazine 2002

Kissinger and Chile - Frontpage Magazine

Official biography

The murder of Rene Schneider

First Coup Attempt

Freedom of Information Page

Documents on Chile

Didn't find what you were looking for.
Need more information for your travel research or homework?
Ask your questions at the forum about Assassinated Chilean people or help others to find answers.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Rene Schneider

Disclaimer - Privacy Policy - 2009