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Eugenia Errazuriz

Eugenia Huici Arguedas de Errazuriz (15 September 1860 - 1951) was a Chilean patron of modernism and a style leader of Paris from 1880 into the 20th century, who paved the way for the modernist minimalist aesthetic that would be taken up in fashion by Coco Chanel. Her circle of friends and proteges included Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, Jean Cocteau, and the poet Blaise Cendrars. She was of Basque descent.

She was famous from an early age for her beauty and French nuns supervised young Eugenia's education. The young woman added to her silver-mine inheritance by marrying Jose Tomas Errazuriz; a young and wealthy landscape painter from a well-known winemaking family. Her first years of marriage were spent at Panquehue Errazuriz, the family's wine estate, where she had a son who died soon after birth; the couple eventually had three surviving childrenMaximiliano, Carmen, and Maria. She soon convinced her husband to move to Paris in 1882, where his brother-in-law Ramon Subercaseaux was the Chilean consul and was married to Amalia Errazuriz, a beauty who had been painted by John Singer Sargent.

The couple settled in Paris, where Eugenia attracted a high-profile following. In the autumn of that year they met John Singer Sargent when they were visiting Venice, possibly on their honeymoon, and seeing Jose's brother who had taken a studio with Sargent at the Palazzo Rezzonico. Described as an extraordinary beauty, with a beaked nose and raven hair, she was painted by SargentRichardson, John Sacred Monsters, Sacred Masters: Beaton, Capote, Dali, Picasso, Freud, Warhol, and More Random House, 2001. ISBN 0-67942490-3. See pages 3 - 16 (who had previously painted Madame Subercaseaux in 1880.) Sargent became very fond of Madame Errazuriz and would paint her a number of times. Besides Sargent, she was also painted by Jacques-Emile Blanche (French painter 1861-1942), Giovanni Boldini, Paul Helleu, Augustus John, and Pablo Picasso.

Related websites

Making Modernism: Picasso and the Creation of the Market

"The Queen Of Clean" New York Times for October 11, 1992

"A Change In the Atmosphere" New York Times for October 11, 1992

"The Queen Of Clean"

Short biography

Short biography with several Picasso portraits of her

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