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Crescente Errazuriz


Monsignor Crescente Errazuriz Valdivieso was a Chilean Dominican friar, Roman Catholic archbishop of Santiago, professor, writer and historian. Crescente Errazuriz was of Basque descent.

He was born in Santiago, Chile the sixth child of Francisco Javier de Errazuriz y Aldunate and of his second wife, Rosario Fernandez de Valdivieso y Zanartu (sister to Archbishop Rafael Valentin Valdivieso.) He studied at the school of the Fernandez Diaz sisters and the Justino Fagalde school, in Santiago and from there he attended the Santiago Seminary in 1851. He graduated in Theology and Law. Subsequently, he decided to embrace the ecclesiastical career. He became a priest on December 18, 1863, and was appointed editor of the La Revista Catolica (Catholic magazine). In 1874 founded a new magazine called El Estandarte Catolico (Catholic banner) in order to defend the church position and respond to the liberal attacks. One year earlier, he had also become a member of the Faculty of Theology of the University of Chile, teaching canon law, and writing the standard text on the subject.

In 1918 he was nominated as Archbishop of the Santiago archdiocese by president Juan Luis Sanfuentes. Monsignor Errazuriz was considered a peace offering in preparation for the heated presidential campaign of 1920, even though he was already 71 years old. Pope Benedict XV named him on December 30, 1918, adopting the motto: Cruz et Evangelium ecce arma mea.

Related websites

Biography

Catholic Hierarchy

Article on his nomination as Archbishop

Genealogical chart of Errazuriz family

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