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Rear Admiral Patricio Javier de los Dolores Lynch y Solo de Zaldivar was a Chilean naval officer, and one of the principal figures of the later stages of the War of the Pacific. Nicknamed the "Last Viceroy of Peru" and the "Red Prince", he is regarded as a Chilean hero.
Lynch was born in the port of Valparaiso, Chile, the son of Estanislao Lynch y Roo, a wealthy merchant resident in Chile, and of Carmen Solo de Zaldivar y Rivera. His father, Estanislao Lynch y Roo, a former Colonel in the Army of the Andes, had settled in Chile from Argentina and was a grandson of Patrick Lynch, an emigrant from Galway to Buenos Aires in the 1740's.
At the beginning of the War of the Pacific, Lynch was a Naval Commander. He asked for a position in the navy, but was refused due to the opposition of his fellow officers. He retaliated by asking for a position in the Army, but instead was named as Commander General of Transports, where he was able to show his great abilities as an organizer. In the 1880, he led a raid against northern Peru to gather ransom payments from business and sugar plantation owners, that has become known as the "Lynch Expedition". This has been the main source of controversy about his record. On one side it is viewed as a brilliant military operation while on the other is viewed as a destructive pillage of defenceless civilian targets.
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Patricio Lynch