Pedro Andres del Alcazar
Marshal Pedro Andres del Alcazar y Rodriguez de Zapata was a Spanish and later Chilean Army officer and hero of the Chilean War of Independence.
Alcazar was born in the fort of San Diego de Alcala, in Tucapel, the son of Andres del Alcazar, an infantry captain and the fort's commander, and of Feliciana Rodriguez de Zapata y Sanhueza. began his military career in 1773 as a "distinguished" soldier in the Dragones de la Frontera cavalry regiment of the Spanish Army. When shortly after his official commission as a Cadet arrived from Spain, it was discovered that by a copyist mistake, it was made out to a Pedro del Alcazar instead of his real name Andres del Alcazar. In order to solve the discrepancy, the commander of the regiment, Colonel Ambrosio O'Higgins ordered his act of baptism modified to read Pedro Andres, the name he would be known ever after.
In 1776, del Alcazar was promoted to Alferez, to Lieutenant of the Dragones de la Frontera in 1783 and to Captain in 1785. He married Clara de Zumelzu Obregon y Ruiz de Berecedo In 1777, and together they had 7 children: Carmen, Juan Andres, Mateo (who became a priest), Antonia, Juana, Teresa and Jose Antonio.
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