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Jorge Alessandri Rodriguez was President of Chile from 1958 to 1964, and was the candidate of the centre-right in Chile's crucial presidential election of 1970. He was the son of Arturo Alessandri, who was president from 1920 to 1925 and again from 1932 to 1938.
Born in Santiago, Alessandri studied civil engineering at the University of Chile in Santiago and after graduating in 1919 worked there as a lecturer. After the fall of the parliamentary republic, he lived in European exile with his parents from 1924-1925, but returned to his native land where he was elected to parliament as an independent from a Santiago constituency in 1926.
The early years of the right-wing Presidency of Gabriel Gonzalez were marked by serious unrest between left and right-wing supporters, and on 2 August 1947 Gonzalez named a cabinet of military officers and independents in a supposed attempt to depoliticise the situation. Alessandri was named Minister of Finance, where he reordered the system of administration and pursued a rigorous programme of austerity.
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Jorge Alessandri