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Arturo Alessandri

Arturo Fortunato Alessandri Palma was a Chilean political figure and reformer, who served twice as the President of Chile, first between 1920 and 1924, and then again in 1925, and finally from 1932 until 1938.

He was son of Pedro Alessandri Vargas, son of an Italian immigrant, and Susana Palma Guzman. His father was dedicated to the agricultural labor of the estate in which he lived. At the age of 12 he entered the Sacred Hearts High School, run by French priests, where his brothers were studying and his father had studied.

He began his political life in 1897, entering the Liberal Party, and assuming as the representative of Curico, where he would be re-elected for almost 20 years. In 1915, already showing his first presidential aspirations, he challenged the senator of the province of Tarapaca, Arturo del Rio. Alessandri won a disputed and violent election, from where he earned the nickname of Leon de Tarapaca (Lion of Tarapaca), due to his charisma, his popularity with the people and his abilities of speech.

Related websites

Intervenciones militares y poder factico en la politica chilena (de 1830 al 2000)

San Gregorio Massacre

Military interventions in Chilean politics

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