Juan Martinez de Rozas
Chilean heads of state
People of the Chilean War of Independence
Presidents of Chile
Chilean heads of state Forum
Juan Martinez de Rozas Correa , the earliest leader in the Chilean struggle for independence,
He was born at Mendoza in 1759, the son of Juan Martinez de Soto Rozas and Maria Prudencia Correa Villegas. In his early life he was a professor of law, theology and philosophy at Santiago. He held the post of acting governor of Concepcion at one time, and was also colonel in a militia regiment.
In 1808 he became secretary to the last Spanish governor, Francisco Antonio Garcia Carrasco, and used his position to prepare the nationalist movement that began in 1809. After resigning his position as secretary, Rozas was mainly responsible for the resignation of the Spanish governor, and the formation of a national Junta on September 18, 1810 of which he was the real leader. After the death of the President and Vice President of the First Government Junta, he acted as Interim President.
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