Carlos Altamirano Orrego is a lawyer and one of the most influential politicians of Chilean socialism. He was the general secretary of the Chilean Socialist Party (PS) between 1971 and 1979. Before that, he was deputy from 1961 to 1965 and senator from 1965 to 1973. He escaped after Pinochet's coup d'etat on September 11, 1973 and lived as a refugee in Cuba.
Carlos Altamirano started as professor of financial law and public finances in the University of Chile. Once exiled, he was one of the main protagonist of the ideological renovation of Chilean socialism. He wrote Dialectica de una Derrota en 1977 ("Dialectics of a Defeat"). He returned to Chile after the end of Pinochet's dictatorship in 1993, and didn't participate actively in politics, although he did continue his reflections concerning politics.
Some people today tell to Altamirano like the principal Allende's shutdown factor.
Carlos Altamirano led the way for armed struggle against the bourgeoisie, in particular after the tanquetazo failed right wing coup. During Salvador Allende's government, he had a very strong discourse, calling to "advance without compromise" . In 1973, sectors of the Chilean Navy tried to convince leaders of the far-right paramilitary organization Patria y Libertad to assassinate him Confesiones de un ex Patria y Libertad, TVN, 12 February 2006 . The plan, however, was not enacted. After the September 11, 1973 coup, Altamirano fled to Cuba.
According to lawyer Alun Jones, representant of the Spanish justice during Spain's request to Great Britain for the extradition of Augusto Pinochet, Augusto Pinochet had planned an attack against Carlos Altamirano just after Franco's funerals in 1975. A declassified FBI document suggests that Altamirano had become an obsession of DINA director Manuel Contreras, who wanted him assassinated at all cost, but that others within the agency cast doubts, because Altamirano seemed to be a decisive factor among the Chileans living in exile. The same document indicates that the neo-fascists associated with Stefano Delle Chiaie were to assassinate Bernardo Leighton instead.
Dialectica de una Derrota (1977)
Despues de Todo ("After Everything")
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