Jose Rafael Balmaceda
Jose Rafael del Carmen Balmaceda Fernandez was a Chilean politician, diplomat and brother of President Jose Manuel Balmaceda.
He was born in Renca, the son of Manuel Jose Balmaceda Ballesteros and of Encarnacion Fernandez Salas. He completed his studies at the Instituto Nacional and then attended the University of Louvain, where he graduated with a doctorate in Political Science. Early in his life he dedicated most of his time to his Hacienda San Jose in Puente Alto. Balmaceda married Ana Bello Codesido, and together they had seven children.
Jose Rafael Balmaceda started his political career by joining the Liberal Party and was promptly elected deputy for "Angol" (1888-1891) and was reelected for the "Balmaceda" congress as a deputy for "Concepcion and Talcahuano", but this congress was dissolved after only a few months. After the Chilean Civil War that deposed his brother, President Jose Manuel Balmaceda, his house was looted and he was exiled together with his family. In Buenos Aires, Argentina he published "The revolution and condemnation of the Vicuna ministry", under the pseudonym "Nemo", in which he defended his brother's policies and attacked the revolutionary party. He also published "History Pages" and "Death of Balmaceda".
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