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Alejandro Agustin Lanusse

Alejandro Agustin Lanusse Gelly was the 38th president of the Argentine Republic between March 22, 1971 and May 25, 1973.

A graduate of the Army Academy , he was head of the Regimiento de Granaderos a Caballo . In 1951 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for his part in an attempted coup to overthrow Juan Peron. He was released in 1955 with the Revolucion Libertadora which finally ousted General Peron. In 1956 he was later designated Ambassador to the Holy See. In 1960 he became Assistant Director of the Superior Military School and later Commander of the First Armored Cavalry Division. In 1962 he took part in the overthrow president Arturo Frondizi and in 1966 in the ousting of president Arturo Illia in support of General Juan Carlos Ongania. In 1968 Lanusse became Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.

Lanusse became President of Argentina in 1971. During his presidency he established diplomatic relations with China and continuously faced political unrest. During his presidency there was an increase in guerrilla activity, many political opponents were jailed. Lanusse negotiated with the peronist guerrilla Montoneros the return of the corpse of Evita (Eva Duarte de Peron) the legendary second wife of General Peron. In August 22, 1971, during a major break from imprisonment at the Naval Base of Rawson in Patagonia, several guerilla members were executed. In 1973 Lanusse called for presidential elections in which Peronist, Hector Campora, resulted elected.

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