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Hippolyte de Bouchard

Hippolyte de Bouchard, or Hipolito de Bouchard , was a French and Argentine sailor and corsair who fought for Argentina, Chile, and Peru.

Bouchard was known for his heated temper, which led to incidents between him and his subordinates, to whom he meted out terrible punishment whenever they disobeyed him.

Bouchard was born in Saint-Tropez in 1780 or 1783. The son of Andre Louis Bouchard and Therese Brunet was baptized as Andre Paul but eventually went by the name Hippolyte. He initially worked in the French merchant fleet, then served in the French Navy in their campaigns against the English, thus starting his life at sea. After many campaigns in Egypt and Santo Domingo, and disillusioned with the way the French Revolution was going, the young Bouchard came to Argentina in 1809 and, in order to aid the May Revolution, became a part of the National Argentine Fleet, led by Azopardo. On March 2, 1811 he fought for the first time under the Argentine Flag by defeating the Spanish Captain Jacinto de Romarate in San Nicolas de los Arroyos, and in July and August of that year he played a major role in defending the City of Buenos Aires from a Spanish blockade. In March, 1812 Bouchard joined the Mounted Grenadiers Regiment led by Jose de San Martin and took part in the Battle of San Lorenzo in 1813, where he captured a Spanish flag and therefore was granted Argentine citizenship. Some months later he married Norberta Merlo.

Related websites

Argentine history website, in Spanish

Long article about Bouchard's life

Article detailing the campaign with William Brown

The Hero's Biography

El Corsario Albiceleste

History of Bouchard's circumnavigation of the World

El Corsario Albiceleste

Military Museum Organization

History of ARA General Belgrano, describing ARA Bouchard

The California State Military Museum - Spanish and Mexican California: Hippolyte de Bouchard and His Attacks on the California Missions

The Day Pirates Sacked the Mission

Hipolito (Hypolite) Bouchard and the Raid of 1818

Hippolyte de Bouchard - Pirate


Long biography

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Hippolyte de Bouchard

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