Adolfo Scilingo (born 1947) is a former Argentine naval officer who is currently serving 30 years in a Spanish prison after being convicted on April 19, 2005 for crimes against humanity, including extra-judicial execution.
Scilingo was charged under Spain's universal jurisdiction laws by investigating magistrate Baltazar Garzon with genocide, 30 counts of murder, 93 of causing injury, 255 of terrorism and 286 of torture. He denied the charges but initially refused to plead, claiming to be unwell. In 2005 Doctors ruled Scilingo was fit to stand trial.
The murder charges related to 30 drugged political prisoners thrown out of government jets during Galtieri's military junta's Dirty War against leftist insurgents between 1976 and 1983. Scilingo had earlier attracted great notoriety for publicly confessing to journalist Horacio Verbitsky in c. 1996, to participating in the so-called death flights, the first of a series of public confessions collectively called in Argentina the 'Scilingo effect' (Feitlowitz 1999). Scilingo was serving a jail term for fraud in Argentina at the time.
Spain tries Argentine ex-officer
Scilingos sentence breaks new ground in the fight against torture
'Dirty war' officer found guilty
The Flaws of the Scilingo Judgment
"Macabre new details emerge about Argentina's 'dirty war'"
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