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Jose Casimiro Rondeau Pereyra was a general and politician in Argentina and Uruguay in the early 19th century.
He was born in Buenos Aires but soon after his birth, the family moved to Montevideo, where he grew up and went to school. At the age of twenty, he joined the armed forces in Buenos Aires, but later transferred to a regiment in Montevideo. During the British invasion of 1806, he was captured and sent to England. After the defeat of the British troops, he was released and went to Spain, where he fought in the Napoleonic Wars. When he returned to Montevideo in August 1810, he joined the independentist forces and was nominated military leader of the independentist armies of the Banda Oriental, later Uruguay. His military successes in the various battles for Montevideo won him the post of the military leader of the campaign in Peru, replacing Jose de San Martin, who had to resign due to health reasons.
In 1815, the Constituting General Assembly of the provinces of La Plata elected Rondeau their Supreme Director, but due to his absence, he never served as director. Ignacio Alvarez Thomas was named acting Supreme Director in his place. After two defeats against the Spanish royalist troops in Peru at Venta y Media and Sipe-Sipe, he was relieved from his command in 1816. He returned to Buenos Aires, where he became governor for a brief stint from June 5 to July 30, 1818. In 1819 he became Pueyrredon's successor as Supreme Director (serving this time), but had to resign the following year after the Battle of Cepeda.
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Jose Rondeau