Mariano Moreno was an Argentine lawyer, journalist and politician. He played a decisive role in the May Revolution, which led to the declaration of independence of Argentina from Spain.
Moreno was born in Buenos Aires in 1778. His father was Manuel Moreno y Argumosa, born in Santander, Spain, who had arrived in Argentina in 1776 and married Maria del Valle. They had fourteen children, Mariano being the firstborn. In his youth he studied Latin, logic and philosophy at San Carlos Royal College. He then studied law at the University of Chuquisaca . He got married in 1801, and he had his first son, also named Mariano, in 1805.
Moreno actively supported the assembly (Cabildo Abierto) of 22 May 1810 that debated the convenience of self-rule of the Spanish colonies of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata, faced with the imprisonment of King Ferdinand VII. Moreno was a secretary in the First Junta that replaced the viceroy. He suffocated the uprising of Santiago de Liniers in Cordoba (whom he had executed later), and organized the liberating expedition to Alto Peru. He resigned later, after internal conflicts with Cornelio Saavedra.
Biography of Mariano Moreno
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