Jose Ignacio de Gorriti
Argentine military personnel
People of the Argentine War of Independence
Argentine governors Forum
General Jose Ignacio de Gorriti was an Argentine statesman, soldier and lawyer. He was a deputy to the Congress of Tucuman which on 9 July 1816 declared the Independence of Argentina.
Gorriti was born in Jujuy to the important local citizens Ignacio de Gorriti Navarro and Feliciana Coeto. He and his brother Juan Ignacio de Gorriti (later a famous priest) studied at the Montserrat School in Cordoba. In 1788 he entered the University of Chuquisaca, graduating in canonical and civil law. He was forced to return to Jujuy on the death of his father to look after the family and their interests. In 1802 he married Facunda Zuviria.
In 1810, following the May Revolution, Gorriti became an active and vocal supporter of the revolutionary cause. He campaigned with the Army of the North and alongside General Martin Guemes, and was subsequently elected by a grateful Salta to the Tucuman Congress, serving in 1816 for the declaration. When the Congress moved to Buenos Aires in 1817, he resigned to continue to work in Salta with Guemes. He had a distinguished role in the campaign, organising the gaucho cavalry and in 1820 won a key battle against the royalists.
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