Tacuara Nationalist Movement
The Movimiento Nacionalista Tacuara was an Argentine far right group in the 1960s, which, after having violently opposed Peronism, later integrated Juan Peron's right-wing Special Formations. Linked to the more conservative sectors of the Peronist movement, and directly inspired by Julio Meinvielle's Catholic predications, Tacuara defended nationalist, Catholic, anti-communist, antisemitic and anti-democratic ideas, and had as its first model Primo de Rivera's fascist Falange. Its main leaders were Alberto Ezcurra Medrano, Joe Baxter, Oscar Denovi and Eduardo Rosa. The Tacuara movement became the street and political university for many young people, and various contradictory tendencies emerged from this group, spanning from the far-right to the far-left. After three important splits in the early 1960s, both contradictory tendencies of the group were dismantled by the police in the same month of March 1964. A year later, President Arturo Illia (UCR) outlawed the MNT. Composed of right-wing young people from wealthy backgrounds, it has been called the "first urban guerrilla group in Argentina". Daniel Gutman, Tacuara, historia de la primera guerrilla urbana argentina
Tacuara was officially created at the end of 1957, first under the name of Grupo Tacuara de la Juventud Nacionalista (Tacuara Group of Nationalist Youth), then under its current name. It was mostly formed by young offspring of Buenos Aires high and medium bourgeoisie (almost all males), who were active in the Union de Estudiantes Nacionalistas Secundarios (UNES) students union and the Alianza de la Juventud Nacionalista (Alliance of Nationalist Youth). Although strongest in Buenos Aires, during its peak the group spread all over the country, especially in Rosario, Santa Fe and Tandil. They used their own publications and various nationalist reviews for propaganda of their ideas.
The Tacuara inherited from the UNES aesthetics, inspired by Nazi parades and rituals. They called each other comrades, instead of using their first names . With almost-shaved hair, they used grey armbands with the insignia of the Knights of Malta.
Violencia politica en Argentina: Tacuara
Tacuara salio a la calle
Baxter, Jose Luis
El sangriento golpe del grupo Tacuara
Website on the Tacuaras
A 43 anos de la Operacion Rosaura: El exilio de un muchacho peronista
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