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Support for an Egalitarian Republic
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Support for an Egalitarian Republic (ARI) is a social liberal Argentine political party, founded in 2001 by Elisa Carrio. It is a member of the Civic Coalition with centrist and centre-left parties.
Creation and political representation
Elisa Carrio, a former Radical Civic Union (UCR) politician, created the ARI after the breakup of the government alliance that brought Fernando de la Rua to the presidency in 1999.
The 2001 elections gave ARI 17 of the 257 seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, and one senator. Carrio got a 14.1% share of the vote in the 2003 presidential elections. In the 2005 elections, ARI won eight seats. In the 2007 elections, ARI won the governorship of the deep-south Province of Tierra del Fuego, when Fabiana Rios, an ARI deputy, defeated the pro-government candidate Hugo Coccaro, on June 24, 2007. Tierra del Fuego is currently (as of 2008) the first and only province ruled by ARI.
The party has established itself as a major force in the City of Buenos Aires, in Buenos Aires Province, and in the aforementioned Province of Tierra del Fuego.
In the presidential elections of 2007, Carrio came second, heading the Civic Coalition with Ruben Giustiniani. She obtained about 23% of the vote, coming in a second behind Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. She won the majority vote in two of the three largest cities of Argentina: Buenos Aires and Rosario, but she suffered a larger defeat in Buenos Aires Province, the most populated district, and could not force a run-off election.Clarin, 29 October 2007. Cristina Kirchner conserva casi 22 puntos de diferencia sobre Carrio. Pagina/12, 29 October 2007. Kirchner, presidenta con "A" final. ARI did however win four Senate seats (2 of the City of Buenos Aires and 2 of Tierra del Fuego) and a considerable number of seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, with further Congress seats for other members of the Coalition.
As part of building a broader coalition ahead of the 2007 elections, Carrio reached out to centre-right figures such as Patricia Bullrich and Maria Eugenia Estenssoro, who was elected Senator for Buenos Aires. This proved controversial in ARI ranks and some national legislators formed a separate block called the Autonomous ARI in Congress. In May 2008, the block, led by Eduardo Macaluse, announced that they were forming a new party, Solidarity and Equality (Solidaridad e Igualdad - SI). Others who left ARI were Carlos Raimundi, Leonardo Gorbacz, Delia Bisutti, Nelida Belous, Veronica Venas, Emilio Garcia Mendez, Lidia Naim and Maria America Gonzalez. Senator Maria Rosa Diaz also appeared at the launch of SI. Digale SI al nuevo partido opositor, Pagina/12, 18 May 2008. Several of the legislators that created the new party had won their seats in the 2007 election as part of the Civic Coalition, which they later opposed. The ARI deputies from Tierra del Fuego sit with the SI members in a separate block in the Chamber of Deputies. Subsequently Senators Maria Rosa Diaz and Jose Carlos Martinez left ARI altogether in March 2009. Senate votes today on early election, Buenos Aires Herald, 26 March 2009.
[[:Category:Argentine ARI politicians|ARI politicians]]
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Support for an Egalitarian Republic