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National Civic Union (Argentina)


The National Civic Union (in Spanish Union Civica Nacional) was an Argentine political party formed in 1891 as the result of a split in the Civic Union, and dissolved in 1916. It was initially based largely on the personality of its leader, Bartolome Mitre.

Origin

See Civic Union of the Youth.

On April 13, 1890, supporters of the Civic Union of the Youth established the Civic Union in a ceremony at the Buenos Aires Fronton. Leandro N. Alem was elected president and leaders were drawn from all tendencies within the anti-government movement, including Francisco A. Barroetavena, Jose Manuel Estrada, Pedro Goyena, Aristobulo del Valle, Bernardo de Irigoyen, Juan B. Justo, Lisandro de la Torre, and influential ex-president and general Bartolome Mitre.

The same year, supporters of the Civic Union, led by Leandro Alem and Bartolome Mitre, instigated the Revolution of the Park, an armed uprising that ousted president Juarez Celman and replaced him with vice president Carlos Pellegrini.

The Civic Union established a presidential ticket with Bartolome Mitre and Bernardo de Irigoyen. However, Julio Argentino Roca, undisputed leader of the pro-government National Autonomist Party, made a deal with Mitre to form a "national unity" ticket headed by Mitre. After learning of the arrangement on April 16, Leandro Alem opposed it emphatically, splitting the Civic Union and forcing Mitre to abandon his candidacy.

On June 26, Alem's supporters formally founded the Radical Civic Union. In response, Mitre's followers formed the National Civic Union. Members of the latter became known as the Civics, while those of the former became known as the Radicals.

Political activity

Apart from Bartolome Mitre, politicians associated with the National Civic Union included Guillermo Udaondo and Honorio Pueyrredon.

The Civics and the Radicals proved to be close on most issues, and tended to collaborate. In 1896 the personal link between Mitre and Radical Bernardo de Irigoyen gave rise to the so-called politica de las paralelas, whereby the two parties appointed candidates to a common electoral list. In 1897, in opposition to the politica de las paralelas, Hipolito Yrigoyen dissolved the Radical Committee of the Province of Buenos Aires.

In 1916, when Radical candidate Yrigoyen won the presidential election, Pueyrredon proposed the dissolution of the National Civic Union. His proposal was accepted, with the majority of the party's members transferring their allegiance to the Radical Civic Union.

See also

Bartolome Mitre

Civic Union

Radical Civic Union

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