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Jose Pardo y Barreda
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Jose Simon Pardo y Barreda was a Peruvian politician who twice occupied the Presidency of Peru, from 1904 to 1908 and 1915 to 1919.
Jose Pardo headed the Civilista Party and was Foreign Minister and then Prime Minister (1903-1904) during Eduardo Lopez de Romana's presidency. Both his presidential terms were marked by liberal politics. After Manuel Candamo's death, Serapio Calderon became the interim president and called for new elections. The Civilista Party named Jose Pardo as its candidate, while the Democratic Party presented the candidacy of Nicolas de Pierola, who retired early before the elections mentioning a "lack of guarantees." This fact led Pardo to become elected.
His government was marked by pushing for better education for all Peruvians. The elementary education in Peru, according to the Law of 1876 proposed by his father, Manuel Pardo, was under the responsibility of the municipalities throughout the country. Jose Pardo, under his Secretary of Justice and instruction, decided to confront the problem.
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