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Jose de la Riva Aguero

Jose Mariano de la Riva Aguero y Sanchez Boquete Marquess De Montealegre de Aulestia was a Peruvian soldier, politician, historian and twice President of Peru.

Riva Aguero was son of Jose De la Riva Aguero y Basso della Rovere and Maria Josefa Sanchez Boquete Roman de Aulestia Marquess De Montealegre de Aulestia, was married with the Belgian princess Caroline Arnoldine Looz Corswarem, spent his childhood and youth in Spain, where was educated and later participated in the wars against the Napoleonic invasion. In 1809 he returned to Lima and participated in the independence cause. Jose de San Martin named him prefect of Lima in 1822. Upon the departure of San Martin and the ensuing social instability in the country, Andres de Santa Cruz revolted against the Peruvian Congress on February 26, 1823 and forced it to elect Riva Aguero as President. Riva Aguero proclaimed himself "President of Peru", the first to use such title.

During his short government, he suffered the entry of Spanish troops into the capital and the departure of the government towards a new installation at the port of Callao. Under this situation, Riva Aguero lost all support of the Peruvian Congress, which awaited anxiously the arrival of Simon Bolivar. He was later deposed by Antonio Jose de Sucre. Sucre was succeeded by Jose Bernardo de Torre Tagle until the arrival of Simon Bolivar. Congress had been waiting for the Venezuelan "Liberator" to come to Peru and help to consolidate the Independence of the country, and was more than willing to grant him all necessary powers.

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