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Nicolas de Pierola

H.E. Don Jose Nicolas Baltasar Fernandez de Pierola y Villena (known as "El Califa" ("The Caliph"); January 5, 1839 – June 23, 1913) was a prominent Peruvian politician, the Finance Minister and twice President of the Republic of Peru (from 1879 to 1881 and 1895 to 1899).

Nicolas de Pierola was born and educated in the southern Peruvian city of Arequipa. He moved to Lima to study theology at the Seminario de Santo Toribio, and later obtained his law degree from the Faculty of Law. His parents died in 1857.

In May 6, 1877, in an attempt to overthrow the government of Mariano Ignacio Prado the ironclad Huascar was seized at Callao port by followers of de Pierola. Led by the retired Navy Captain German Astete, it took part in the inconclusive Battle of Pacocha in which, at the helm of the monitor "Huascar", they defeated (some say the battle was a draw) two British ships, the "Amethyst" and the "Shah".

Related websites

ONPE - Historia Y Estadistica Electoral

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