Luis Jose de Orbegoso
Luis Jose de Orbegoso y Moncada count De Olmos , an aristocratic Peruvian soldier and politician, was President of Peru from 1833 to 1836. This was a time of profound social instability and continuing civil war which led his government to coexist with that of Pedro Pablo Bermudez, and later with Felipe Santiago Salaverry.
Orbegoso was born in Chuquizongo, Huamachuco, in 1799. His parents were Justo de Orbegoso y Burutaran and Francisca Moncada-Galindo y Morales. He participated with Jose de San Martin in the war for independence and in the war against Gran Colombia during the government of Jose de La Mar. After the death of Agustin Gamarra's first government, Orbegoso was elected president in 1833, winning over Pedro Pablo Bermudez, whom Gamarra had preferred as his successor.
During his government, he suffered the enmity of Gamarra, who while in exile had supported Bermudez in his eventual presidency. Orbegoso had also to deal with the young Felipe Santiago Salaverry, who overthrew him 1835. Orbegoso, however, did not lose the support of southern Peru and, with the support of then President of Bolivia, Andres de Santa Cruz, he regained his leadership throughout the country and executed Salaverry. In retribution to the support he received from Santa Cruz, he acceeded to form the new Peru-Bolivian Confederacy. Santa Cruz assumed the "Supreme Protectorship" of the confederation and Orbegoso maintained only the presidency of the Republic of North Peru.
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