Javier Perez de Cuellar
Javier Perez de Cuellar y de la Guerra is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991. He studied in Colegio San Agustin of Lima, and then at Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru. In 1995, he ran unsuccessfully against Alberto Fujimori for President of Peru. He was President of the Council of Ministers, as well as Minister of Foreign Affairs from November 2000 until July 2001, during the turbulent period following Fujimori's resignation over corruption charges. In September 2004, he stepped down from his position as Peru's Ambassador to France, where he formerly resided. He currently resides in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. With the death of Kurt Waldheim in June 2007, he became the oldest former Secretary General of the United Nations. Mr. Perez de Cuellar is currently a member of the International Olympic Committee's Ethics Commission, headquartered in Laussanne, Switzerland, as well as an adviser to both UNESCO, in Paris, France, and the International Red Cross, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Perez de Cuellar joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1940 and the diplomatic service in 1944, serving subsequently as Secretary at Peru's embassies in France, where he met and married his first wife, the former Yvette Roberts; the United Kingdom, Bolivia, and Brazil. He later served as ambassador to Switzerland, the Soviet Union, (concurrently in Poland), and Venezuela. From his first marriage, Mr. Perez de Cuellar has a son, , and a daughter, Agueda Cristina (b. London).
In 1973 and 1974, he represented his country in the Security Council, serving as its President at the time of the events in Cyprus in July 1974. On 18 September 1975, he was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Cyprus a post he held until December 1977-, when he rejoined the Peruvian Foreign Service. During his time in Cyprus, Mr. Perez de Cuellar married his current wife, the former Marcela Temple Seminario, with whom he has no children.