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Tarma is a city in Junin Region, Peru. Tarma is the capital city of the Province of Tarma, and is also called the Pearl of the Andes. The city is located at around , at an elevation of around 4000 m. The regional population is of around 123,350 inhabitants whilst the city of Tarma has a population of 60,542.


The city of Tarma is located in the center of the Province of Tarma; 232 kilometers west of the city of Lima, in the mountain ranges of the Andes. Its location consolidates as the point of nexus between the central coast (departments of Lima and Ica), the Andean provinces of the department of Junin and the Central Forest (provinces of Chanchamayo and Satipo). The city is situated within a fertile valley, where many important civilizations lived in the past, from pre-Inca cultures to the Inca Culture. Evidence can be found through archaeological remains.


The beginnings of the city of Tarma are lost by the oral tradition and were conserved solely in legend form. It is known that in the locality the populations of "Tarmatambo" and "Punchaumarca" were located, inhabited by natives of the ethnic group of the "Tarumas". Before the arrival of the Spanish, one intuits that Tarma was founded according to old style customs of that time. The sources indicate that it was in 1538 when the Spanish formed the foundation of Tarma; trimming of soldiers at first took place, and soon after a parish was instituted under the authority of the bishopric of Lima.

During the Viceroyalty of Peru, Tarma would be established as the locality head. In 1784, the Spanish citizen Don Juan Maria Galvez, made arrangements for the creation of a Town Hall in Tarma. This request was reviewed and approved by the Virrey Don Teodoro De Croix that established the Town Hall of Tarma in 1785. In 1815 the first cadastre was made in Tarma, concluding that the town had 775 houses and approximately 3500 inhabitants.

In the beginning of November, 1820, during the war of independence that took ahead general Don Jose of San Martin, the population of the city of Tarma supported the General Arenales. On the 25th of November, General Arenales reached Tarma, being welcomed with celebrations in the city.

On the 31st of December, 1855, Tarma officially became a province.

During the War of the Pacific, Tarma supported the Peruvian army, and later supported the resistance commanded by Marshal Andres Avelino Caceres.

See also


Junin Region

External links

Go2Peru Information Website

Information on the city

Tarma City Information (Spanish)

Tarma City Information (Spanish)

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Tarma