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Trujillo, Peru


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Trujillo is a city in northwestern Peru. It is located on the lower Moche River, near its mouth on the Pacific Ocean. Trujillo is the capital of the La Libertad Region and is the third-most populous city in Peru..

History

Trujillo was one of the first cities founded by Spanish conquerors in America. On December 6 1534, Diego de Almagro founded the city under the name of "Villa Trujillo," in honour of Francisco Pizarro's birthplace, Trujillo in Extremadura, Spain. On 23 November 1537, King Charles I of Spain gave it the rank of 'city' and the coat of arms that remains a symbol for the city.

The city played a significant role in the struggle against Spanish rule. It declared its independence in 1820, served as temporary capital of Peru in 1825, and was the main headquarters for Simon Bolivar.

Climate

Trujillo has a dry climate with an average temperature of 21C. The summers can reach temperatures over 32C and the winters are never colder than 14C. Most of the year, the temperature stays in the low to mid twenties.

Trujillo is known as La Ciudad de la Eterna Primavera", "The City of Eternal Spring", because of its very sunny and pleasant weather year-round. The International Spring Festival in early October attracts visitors from all over Peru and from all over the world.

Population

According to the Peru 2005 Census, the Trujillo's city metropolitan area has 757,266 inhabitants which is the 2.9% of the total population of Peru and the 49.69% of La libertad region. Trujillo is the third most populous and largest city of Peru.

Economy

Trujillo is the most important economic center of northern Peru and an inland commercial and transport center for the surrounding farming areas. In 1800, the city of Trujillo greatly expanded due to extensive irrigated agriculture, fueled primarily by the sugarcane industry. Today asparagus, rice and shoes are the area's main products.

Among the internationally known products of Trujillo, asparagus is exported to neighboring countries, Europe and the United States. The areas around Trujillo are among the largest exporters of white asparagus in the world. Peru is currently the worlds leading asparagus exporter, followed by China and Mexico - [*]

Tourism

Tourism is also a major industry in Trujillo due to the city's proximity to important sites where the Moche and Chimu civilizations evolved. These civilzations are well known artisans, many artifacts having been found during archaeological digs in the city.

Nearby ruins include the Chimu mud city of Chan Chan,which is the world's largest city built out of adobe Chan-chan, also known as "Ciudad de la Luna" (City of the Moon) or "de las Largas Murallas" (of the Long Walls), has been compared with Teotihuacan in Mexico the ancient cities of Egypt. Other nearby ruins are the Moche ruins of Huaca del Sol, Huaca de la Luna, and El Brujo.

Trujillo aspires to be designated a World Heritage Site, because of the proximity of both those cultures and its historical colonial city centre whose old houses attract many visitors. The old mansions and manors of Trujillo are distinguished for their solemn and austere facades. Inside, their impressive halls are overflowing with ornaments. Trujillo's window railings are a truly unique feature of the mansions. The House of Ganoza-Chopitea or "casa Ganoza" with a polychromatic front in the baroque style, crowned by a rococo frontispiece and two lions, is the city's most representative example of Trujillano mansion architecture. Another one is the House of Mayorazgo, as old as the city itself, and holding one of Peru's greatest numismatic collections. In addition, the revolutionary leader Simon Bolivar lived in a house on the Plaza de Armas.

The world-famous beach Huanchaco, a surfing destination, is located just north of Trujillo.

Trujillo's restaurants offer a wide variety of local food such as shambar, mostly served on Mondays, ceviche, sopa teologa and cabrito.

Transportation

Important to the city's transportation network is the Cap. FAP Carlos Martinez de Pinillos International Airport.

Education

There are plenty of higher education institutions. Trujillo is home to the majority of the universities and vocational institutes in northern Peru. The most recognized universities are the Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, which was created in May 10, 1824 by Simon Bolivar. Other well-known universities are Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego, Universidad Privada Cesar Vallejo , Universidad Privada del Norte (the second university of Peru that belongs to Laureate International Universities), Universidad catolica de Trujillo and Private university of Trujillo.

Sister cities

List of sister cities, designated by Sister Cities International:

Decatur, Georgia, United States

Schools and Universities

Universidad Nacional de Trujillo

Universidad privada Antenor Orrego

Universidad privada del Norte

Universidad privada de Trujillo

Conservatorio Regional de Musica del Norte "Carlos Valderrama"

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Sir Alexander Fleming college

CEP Marcelino Champagnat

Colegio Bruning Trujillo

Colegio privado La Asuncion

Colegio San Jose obrero

External links

Information on Huaca de la luna and Huaca del sol

Huacas del Sol y de la Luna Archaeological Complex official site

Information on El Brujo Archaeological Complex

Chan Chan World Heritage Site

Colonial Trujillo photos

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Trujillo, Peru


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