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Chiclayo is a city on the northern coastal plain in Peru. It is 95 feet above sea level. The city population is approximately 546,054 while the metropolitan area is approximately 910,255. Chiclayo was founded in 1560 as a rural Indian village by a Spanish priest. Until the 19th century, Chiclayo remained a small town in comparison to the nearby city of Lambayeque. However, the city of Chiclayo has since grown to become a major modern metropolis. It is Peru's fourth largest city. Chiclayo's city in if same, and it is integrated(repaid) at present by six districts conurbanados or continued:

Chiclayo, Jose Leonardo Ortiz, The Victory, Pomalca, Pimentel and Reque.

According to THE PROJECT DIRECTOR METROPOLITAN "CHICLAYO 2020" , will contemplate Chiclayo in future eight districts, which nowadays are the six of the central nucleus and two of the integrated discontinuous area of expansion of Chiclayo's city:

1.-The districts the City (Central Nucleus) at present: Chiclayo, Jose Leonardo Ortiz, The Victory, Pomalca, Pimentel, and Reque.

2.-The districts , the Integrated discontinuous Area: San Jose (in Lambayeque) and Picsi. At present Chiclayo's city has a light trend and urban development projection of urban expansion to these two districts.All these districts were projected in form planned to 2020 for a future integration.

3.- Chiclayo a spatial urban area of has 32 km : the town than lambayeque , the town than ferrenafe,la town than Monsefu , populated than pucala, Patapo, Eten , Port Eten , Mochumi,and Pitipo.


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Since the city is located in a productive valley, there is strong agriculture, such as rice production, sugar cane and cotton. Until Peru's economic decline, the port of Pimentel served as Chiclayo's main export line; sugar refined in Pomalca passed through Chiclayo by train and was exported to various destinations along the Pacific Rim. However, with the socialization of agriculture, and subsequent demise of the Peruvian economy, Chiclayo ceased to export by sea.

Economic prosperity did not leave, however. With the construction of the Panamerican Highway, the city became a center for commerce, due to the fact that it has easy access to mountain passes that allow access to the jungle, as well as being close to the sugar cooperatives. The downtown area also features a thriving marketplace where shoppers can purchase small appliances and clothing as well as many medicines an herbal remedies, such as the famous una de gato (Cat's Claw) in its raw fibrous bark form (suitable for brewing as a tea). The socializing scene greatly improved in the early 1990's with a private casino club and the impressive Paseo de la Musas Muse featuring elegant statues of traditional Greek Muses in a grassy park-like setting.

Chiclayo is well known for its archaeological sites, such as Tucume, Batan Grande and Huaca Rajada. In 1987, in Huaca Rajada (more often referred to as Sipan), a Moche mausoleum was found. The most significant discovery was the tomb of the El Senor de Sipan, who archaeologists have concluded was a royal ruler from over 1600 years ago. His clothes were adorned with jewels, gold, and silver, these artifacts can be seen in the Tumba Real, in Lambayeque. The amount of treasure found in the tomb rivals that found in the tomb of King Tut, as noted by the National Geographic Magazine, in their feature article.

Chiclayo is also recognized as for its natural medicine, and for having some of the best cuisine in Peru, especially Ceviche.

Monsefu is a nearby town that provides Chiclayo with most of the artisian artifacts and fireworks that are for sale in the "Mercado Modelo".

It is served by the CAP. FAP. Jose A. Quinones Gonzales International Airport

External links

The Lord of Sipan, "King Tutankhamen of the Americas" by Antonio Gutierrez from "Geometry Step by Step from the Land of the Incas"

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Chiclayo

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