La Merced, Junin
La Merced is the capital of the Chanchamayo Province in the Junin Region in Peru.
La Merced is situated on , 75 km east of the regional capital Huancayo-Junin and 220 km northeast of the country's capital Lima, at an elevation of 751 m above sea level.
It was founded about 1884 by Jose Manuel Pereira after the Pacific war by a group of Italian immigrants. Before that period there were many attempts to colonize Chanchamayo's valley but were repelled by the local Ashaninkas. The peruvian army protected the colonist with a small garrison in Kimiri in front of the actual barracks. Gradually the Ashaninkas moved down river and eventually melted with the colonist.
It lies on the western bank of the Rio Chanchamayo which later becomes Rio Perene tributary of the Amazonas.
The city has a population of about 50 000 inhabitants.
In terms of anthropology, the Chanchamayo region is a multicultural city influenced by the local aborigal Ashaninka.
Due to its proximity to Peru's capital city, Lima, and due to its pleasant weather and exotic scenery it remains a popular destination for international tourism.
The surrounding areas feature numerous waterfalls, jungle-like forests, rivers, and many other natural wonders, e.g. medical plants (wisdom of the natives), bird watching etc.
Economically, the Chanchamayo is influenced by the international prices of coffee, its main export product, and it's known for the fruits that are grown locally ( papaya, orange, palta (avocado), pineapples, yuca, maracuja ...).
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article La Merced, Junin