La Serena, Chile culture and attractions. La Serena, Chile travel and tours. La Serena, Chile Hotels, youth hostels, lodging, nightlife.
Andean World Home > Chile > Add your site to this page

La Serena

La Serena ("the serene one") is the second oldest city in Chile. The city, located 471 km north of Santiago, has a population of 147,815, according to the 2002 census. There are also 12,333 inhabitants of the immediately surrounding countryside. It is one of the fastest-growing areas of Chile, witnessing a population increase of 32.6% between 1992 and 2002.

It was first founded by Spaniard Captain Juan Bohon in September 4 1544 on the orders of Pedro de Valdivia in order to provide a sea link between Santiago and Lima. In 1549 the town was totally destroyed by local Indians and re-founded the same year by Captain Francisco de Aguirre in a safer location. The town has retained its historic architecture and this, along with a selection of beaches (known as Avenida del Mar, "Sea Avenue"), has caused the city to become a significant tourist centre, attracting many foreigners (most of them Argentines from San Juan and Mendoza provinces) during January, and later Santiago residents fleeing February heat.

Its traditional architecture consists of a series of housing and public buildings, of late 19th-century vintage, built with wood from the US state of Oregon brought to Chile as counterweight in sailing vessels coming to Coquimbo, the nearby port, to load copper and other minerals for transport back to the US. This Oregon pine and the use of adobe create the genuine image of the city.

There is also a number of remarkable and valuable small churches built of sedimentary stone quarried 5 km to the north of the Elqui River, having a characteristic color and texture formed by myriad small shells. These churches are all roughly 350 years old and have undergone restoration to varying degrees, bringing them back to their original form. San Francisco, San Agustin, Santo Domingo are the names of a few of them.

The Cathedral, built from the same stone, dates from the 19th century. It must be said that although it lacks the same historical value as the older churches, this is a stone building in a country prone to seismic activity, and has survived various earthquakes. Indeed, during centuries of existence, there is almost no visible damage. All of these churches, along with others of minor importance, provide a unique urban landscape, an image for the city, giving it the nickname "The City of Churches."

A few of the major sectors are: El Centro ("downtown"), Penuelas (actually a suburb between La Serena and its sister city Coquimbo), San Joaquin (neighborhood on a hill overlooking the ocean), La Florida, Las Companias ("the companies"), Cerro Grande ("big hill"), La Antena and the new El Milagro ("the miracle") development.

External links

Other pages about Capitals of Chilean regions

-Antofagasta -Arica, Chile -Concepcion, Chile -Copiapo -Coyhaique -Iquique -La Serena, Chile -Puerto Montt, Chile -Punta Arenas, Chile -Rancagua -Santiago, Chile -Talca -Temuco -Valdivia, Chile -Valparaiso

Other pages about Cities in Chile

-Ancud -Andacollo -Angol -Antofagasta -Arica, Chile -Calama, Chile -Caldera, Chile -Canete, Chile -Castro, Chile -Cauquenes -Cerrillos, Chile -Cerro Navia -Chanaral -Chillan -Colina, Chile -Collipulli -Concepcion, Chile -Conchali -Concon, Chile -Constitucion, Chile -Copiapo -Coquimbo -Coronel, Chile -Coyhaique -Curacautin -Curico -Cuz Cuz -El Bosque, Chile -El Quisco -El Salvador, Chile -Estacion Central, Chile -Frutillar -Futrono -Gran Valparaiso -Greater Concepcion -Huasco, Chile -Huechuraba -Illapel -Independencia, Chile -Iquique -La Calera, Chile -La Cisterna -La Florida -La Granja, Chile -La Pintana -La Reina -La Serena, Chile -La Union, Chile -Lago Ranco, Chile -Lanco -Las Condes -Linares, Chile -List of cities in Chile -Lo Barnechea -Lo Espejo -Lo Prado -Loncoche -Longavi -Los Andes, Chile -Los Angeles -Los Lagos, Chile -Lota, Chile -Macul -Maipo town -Maipu, Chile -Mejillones -Melipeuco -Melipilla -Mulchen -Nacimiento, Chile -Nueva Tolten -Nunoa -Osorno, Chile -Ovalle, Chile -Paillaco -Panguipulli, Chile -Parral, Chile -Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Chile -Penalolen -Penco -Pichilemu -Porvenir -Providencia, Chile -Pucon -Pudahuel -Puente Alto -Puerto Aysen, Chile -Puerto Montt, Chile -Puerto Natales -Puerto Varas -Punta Arenas, Chile -Purranque -Quellon -Quilicura -Quillota -Quilpue -Quinta Normal -Quintero -Quirihue -Rancagua -Recoleta, Chile -Renaico, Chile -Renca -Retiro, Chile -Rio Bueno, Chile -Rio Negro, Chile -Salamanca, Chile -San Antonio, Chile -San Bernardo, Chile -San Carlos, Chile -San Clemente, Chile -San Felipe, Chile -San Fernando, Chile -San Javier, Chile -San Joaquin -San Jose de la Mariquina, Chile -San Miguel, Chile -San Pedro de la Paz -San Rafael, Chile -San Ramon, Chile -Santa Cruz, Chile -Santiago, Chile -Santo Domingo, Chile -Sewell, Chile -Talca -Talcahuano -Temuco -Teno -Tocopilla -Valdivia, Chile -Vallenar, Chile -Valparaiso -Vicuna, Chile -Villa Alegre, Chile -Villa Alemana -Villarrica, Chile -Vina del Mar -Vitacura

Other pages about Communes of Chile

-Alto Hospicio -Ancud -Andacollo -Angol -Antartica, Chile -Antofagasta -Arica, Chile -Buin, Chile -Calama, Chile -Caldera, Chile -Canete, Chile -Castro, Chile -Cauquenes -Cerrillos, Chile -Cerro Navia -Chaiten, Chile -Chanaral -Chanco, Chile -Chile Chico -Chillan -Chimbarongo -Cobquecura -Cochrane, Chile -Colbun -Colchane -Colina, Chile -Collipulli -Concepcion, Chile -Conchali -Concon, Chile -Constitucion, Chile -Copiapo -Coquimbo -Coronel, Chile -Corral, Chile -Coyhaique -Curacautin -Curanipe -Curarrehue, Chile -Curepto -Curico -Dalcahue -El Bosque, Chile -El Salvador, Chile -Empedrado, Chile -Estacion Central, Chile -Frutillar -Futrono -General Lagos -Hanga Roa -Hualane -Huara -Huasco, Chile -Huechuraba -Illapel -Independencia, Chile -Iquique -La Calera, Chile -La Cisterna -La Florida -La Granja, Chile -La Pintana -La Reina -La Serena, Chile -La Union, Chile -Lago Ranco, Chile -Lampa, Chile -Lanco -Las Condes -Licanten -Limache -Linares, Chile -Lo Barnechea -Lo Espejo -Lo Prado -Lolol -Loncoche -Longavi -Lonquimay -Los Andes, Chile -Los Angeles -Los Lagos, Chile -Los Vilos -Lota, Chile -Macul -Mafil -Maipu, Chile -Maule, Chile -Mejillones -Melipeuco -Melipilla -Molina, Chile -Mulchen -Nacimiento, Chile -Nueva Tolten -Nunoa -Ollague, Chile -Osorno, Chile -Ovalle, Chile -Paillaco -Paine, Chile -Panguipulli, Chile -Parral, Chile -Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Chile -Pelarco -Pelluhue -Penalolen -Pencahue -Penco -Perquenco -Pica, Chile -Pichilemu -Pirque -Porvenir -Pozo Almonte -Primavera, Chile -Providencia, Chile -Pucon -Pudahuel -Puente Alto -Puerto Montt, Chile -Puerto Natales -Puerto Octay -Puerto Varas -Puerto Williams -Punta Arenas, Chile -Puren -Purranque -Putre -Puyehue, Chile -Quellon -Quilicura -Quillota -Quilpue -Quinta Normal -Quintero -Quirihue -Rancagua -Rauco -Recoleta, Chile -Renaico, Chile -Renca -Rengo, Chile -Retiro, Chile -Rio Bueno, Chile -Rio Claro, Chile -Rio Negro, Chile -Romeral -Saavedra, Chile -Sagrada Familia, Chile -Salamanca, Chile -San Antonio, Chile -San Carlos, Chile -San Clemente, Chile -San Fabian, Chile -San Felipe, Chile -San Fernando, Chile -San Javier, Chile -San Joaquin -San Jose de Maipo -San Jose de la Mariquina, Chile -San Miguel, Chile -San Pedro de Atacama -San Pedro de la Paz -San Rafael, Chile -San Ramon, Chile -Santa Cruz, Chile -Santiago, Chile -Santo Domingo, Chile -Talca -Talcahuano -Temuco -Teno -Til-Til -Tocopilla -Valdivia, Chile -Vallenar, Chile -Valparaiso -Vichuquen -Vicuna, Chile -Villa Alegre, Chile -Villa Alemana -Villarrica, Chile -Vina del Mar -Vitacura -Yerbas Buenas -Yumbel

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article La_Serena,_Chile



Latest posts at MundoAndino Community Forum





Andean World

Social bookmarks



About Chile

Travel

Social life

Attractions

Need Advice?

Andean World Attractions


Popular topics

XHTML
  travel
2006 - Mundo Andino / Andean World