Talca is a city and commune in Chile, and is the capital of both Talca Province and Maule Region (7th Region of Chile).
The city was founded as San Agustin de Talca in 1742 by Jose Antonio Manso de Velasco. It was partially destroyed by earthquakes in 1742 and 1928, being rebuilt both times. It sits near the epicenter of the 2010, magnitude 8.8 earthquake and suffered severe shaking causing the collapse of much of the historic town centre. The city played a role in Chile's independence; it was the home of Mgr. Jose Ignacio Cienfuegos, and was the site Bernardo O'Higgins' proclamation of Chilean independence in 1818.
The city is an important economic center, with agricultural (wheat) and manufacturing activities, as well as wine production. It is also the location of the Universidad de Talca and the Catholic University of Maule, among others. The Catholic Church of Talca has held a prominent role in the history of Chile.
The inhabitants of Talca have a saying, Talca, Paris & London, born from a hat shop which had placed a ribbon stating that it had branches in Paris and London. The shop was owned by a French immigrant named Jean-Pierre Lagarde.
Geography and climate
Talca is located 250 km south of Santiago, south of the confluence of the rivers Lircay and Claro, in the Central Valley. The city is bisected by the Pan-American Highway.
Talca has a Mediterranean climate with dry summers and wet winters. Average annual rainfall is 749 mm and the annual temperature average is 13 C.
Radal Siete Tazas National Reserve
Altos de Lircay National Reserve
Urban Umbrella Architectural Exhibition
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Talca