Tierradentro is a National archeological park in the jurisdiction of the municipality of Inza, Department of Cauca. The park is located 100 km away from the capital of the Department, Popayan.
The area is very well known for its pre-Columbian hypogea, which were found in several excavations, and are divided in many archeological places. some of them are: Alto del Aguacate (Avocado Hill), Alto de San Andres, Alto de Segovia, Alto del Duende and El Tablon.
The typical hypogeum has an entry oriented towards the west, a spiral staircase and a main chamber, usually 5 to 8 meters below the surface, with several lesser chambers around, each one containing a corpse. The walls are painted with geometric, anthropomorphic and zoomorphic patterns in red, black and white. Some statues and remains of pottery and fabrics can be seen scarcely due to grave robbery before the hypogea were constituted as protected areas.
The pre-Colombian culture that created this funeral complex inhabited this area during the first millennium A.C. Tierradentro Archaeological park features hypogea dating from 6th to 9th centuries AD. The details in the sculptures and pictoric patterns are similar to the San Agustin culture.
The park generates significant revenue to the local economy due to the high volume of tourists, both Colombian and foreigners. These sites form a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Unesco's website on Tierradentro
A professional introduction to Tierradentro Park
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Tierradentro