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Muisca mythology


Muisca mythology refers to the precolumbian beliefs of the muisca culture about the origin and organization of the universe.

Creation of the universe

Bague (the Grandmother) is a non-material principle of creation, the will, the thought and the imagination of all the things to come. She is a similar concept to the principle of tao in the Chinese mythology.

The time of unquyquie nxie (the first thought) is the time of the cosmic origin, when the thoughts of Bague became actions. This is the time when Bague created the Builders of the Universe and ordered them to create.

The Builders

The first gods, constructors of the universe built the first Cuca or ceremonial temple. They were:

Bachue (The one with naked breasts): The mother goddess, who raised from the underworld to give birth to the human race.

Cuza (The one who is like the night): The male principle of creation. Chibchachum (the one who holds the earth). The universal legislator.

Bochica (the father of civilization)

Nemcatacoa and the Chiminigagua trinity deity, constituted by Chi, Chimini and Chiminigagua.

The gods danced a very long dance (Sas quyhynuca), with the music of the Fo drum, in the first ceremony. This ceremony gave origin to the space and time.

Then, the gods created the first materials of the universe: Fiva (the air), Faova (the cosmic cloud) and Ie (the smoke). Then, they created the six directions of the material dimension, and in the middle of the emptiness, they created the center of power Tomsa (bellybutton of the universe). But, still the universe had no consistence, and they waited many bxogonoas eons until the sas bequia, the beginning of the world.

The beginning of the world

The World starts with Chimi (the pulp), the first material object in the world. Then, in the inners of Tomsa, were incubated the embryos of Stars, embryos of land and embryos of stone. When Tomsa was full, the seeds of the earth emerged and the remains were thrown away, forming the Milky Way.

The elements were distributed to the deities. The heat to Sua the sun -, the cold to Chia the moon-, and the clouds and smoke to the earth, but all the things were still seeds and nothing was germinated. Then, Mnya, the gold, the energy, was united with Chimi, the pulp, and became Chimini, the creative force, which caused the germination of the seeds of all things.

The Great flood

Due to transgressions against the divine laws, Chibchachum brought forth a flood that covered the world and nearly destroyed the human race. Then, the protective god Bochica drove away the waters through the Tequendama Falls, and taught humans the basis of civilization, agriculture, religion, the arts, and crafts. When he was about to leave to his heavenly kingdom, the rainbow appeared and Bochica announced his second coming, far away in the future, in an event marked by death and disease. These events are similar to the biblical histories of Genesis and Apocalypse.

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The gods and sacred places

The pre-Columbian inhabitants of Colombia worshipped many forces of nature, animals and plant species, besides the main gods. Among others:

Aba: The maize

Bachue: The mother of mankind

Bague: Great grandmother, the mind of the universe

Biza: The snail

Bochica: The savior

Bxogonoa: The period of a generation

Cona: The mochila bag

Cuza: The one that is like the night

Chia: The moon

Chibchachum: The World Organizer

Chie: The urtica plant

Chiguaca: The verdolaga plant Portulaca oleracea

Chiinegui: The small captain fish

Chimi: The pulp, the first being

Chimini: The golden Light.

Chiminigagua: The golden pulp, the force of creation

Chuhuia: The mouse

Chyquy: The priests of the calendar

Cuza fiba, Chuchaviva: The Rainbow (chuquy) deity. The sign of death.

Fanzaquia: The harvest.

Faoba: The cloud

Fagua: The star, the morning star

Fiva: The air

Fo: The spirit of music

Fupqua: The crab

Gacha: The chicha pot

Gata: The fire

Guaquy: The mastuerzo plant Lepidium sativum

Guayacan: The guayacan tree Caesalpinia spp.

Guamuyhyca: The black captain fish

Guayque: The chief

Guecha, Guecha: The warrior

Gue mny muy: The house of the sacred gold ornaments

Hayo: The coca plant

Ie: The path; the smoke

Iomza: The potato

Iosua: The tadpole

Itugue: The emptiness

Mnya: The gold, the energy

Mocoba: The frailejon plant

Mohanes: The priests of water

Muyquyta, Muequeta: The sacred land.

Nemcatacoa: The protector of the loom

Opaguegue: House of the moon

Hosca: The tobacco plant

Poporo: Important device in the ceremony of Hayo (coca chewing).

Quemes: The Messengers

Quincha: The hummingbird

Quizo: The perdix bird

Saga: The ceremonial fast

Sie: The water

Simte: The owl

Sua: The sun

Sue: The parrot, husband of Bachue, which is sometimes depicted as a child in her arms.

Suhuzy mny: The house of the war ornaments

Sumguy: The tortola bird Zenaida auriculata

Sumne: The duck

Suquysca: The cerraja plant Sonchus spp.

Tegua: The healer

Timana: The ceremonial cup

Titua: House of feathers

Tymanzo: The vulture

Tyba: The owner of the knowledge.

Tyhyquy: The borrachero plant Datura stramonium

Uaia, Guaia: The mother, the lady

Ubzaque, Uzaque: Great chiefs

Yopo: The plant gate of the knowledge

References

http://www.observatorio.unal.edu.co/arqueoastronomia/articulos/bachue.pdf

http://www.colombiaaprende.edu.co/html/sitios/1610/article-72982.html

External links

Mitologia Indigena Colombian government page about indigenous mythology.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Muisca mythology


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