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MundoAndino Home : Argentina Guide at MundoAndino

List of mammals of Argentina


This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Argentina. There are 325 mammal species in Argentina, of which 1 is critically endangered, 10 are endangered, 21 are vulnerable, and 15 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

Subclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

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The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)

**Subfamily: Dasypodinae

***Genus: Dasypus

**** Southern Long-nosed Armadillo Dasypus hybridus NT

**** Nine-banded Armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus LC

**** Seven-banded Armadillo Dasypus septemcinctus LC

**** Yepes's Mulita Dasypus yepesi DD

**Subfamily: Euphractinae

***Genus: Chaetophractus

**** Screaming Hairy Armadillo Chaetophractus vellerosus LC

**** Large Hairy Armadillo Chaetophractus villosus LC

***Genus: Calyptophractus

**** Greater Fairy Armadillo Calyptophractus retusus NT

***Genus: Chlamyphorus

**** Pink Fairy Armadillo Chlamyphorus truncatus NT

***Genus: Euphractus

**** Six-banded Armadillo Euphractus sexcinctus LC

***Genus: Zaedyus

**** Pichi Zaedyus pichiy NT

**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae

***Genus: Cabassous

**** Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo Cabassous chacoensis NT

**** Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo Cabassous tatouay LC

***Genus: Priodontes

**** Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus VU

***Genus: Tolypeutes

**** Southern Three-banded Armadillo Tolypeutes matacus NT

Order: Pilosa

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The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

Suborder: Folivora

*Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)

**Genus: Bradypus

*** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth Bradypus variegatus LC

Suborder: Vermilingua

*Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)

**Genus: Myrmecophaga

*** Giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla NT

**Genus: Tamandua

*** Southern Tamandua Tamandua tetradactyla LC

Order: Primates

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The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

Suborder: Haplorrhini

*Infraorder: Simiiformes

**Parvorder: Platyrrhini

***Family: Aotidae

****Genus: Aotus

***** Azara's Night Monkey Aotus azarae LC

***Family: Atelidae

****Subfamily: Alouattinae

*****Genus: Alouatta

****** Black Howler Alouatta caraya LC

****** Brown Howler Alouatta guariba NT

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

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Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg .

Suborder: Hystricomorpha

*Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)

**Subfamily: Erethizontinae

***Genus: Coendou

**** Brazilian Porcupine Coendou prehensilis LR/lc

***Genus: Sphiggurus

**** South American Tree Porcupine Sphiggurus spinosus LR/lc

*Family: Chinchillidae (viscachas and chinchillas)

**Genus: Chinchilla

*** Short-tailed Chinchilla Chinchilla brevicaudata CR

*** Chinchilla Chinchilla lanigera VU

**Genus: Lagidium

*** Southern Viscacha Lagidium viscacia DD

*** Wolffsohn's Viscacha Lagidium wolffsohni LR/nt

**Genus: Lagostomus

*** Plains Viscacha Lagostomus maximus LR/lc

*Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)

**Subfamily: Caviinae

***Genus: Cavia

**** Brazilian Guinea Pig Cavia aperea LR/lc

**** Montane Guinea Pig Cavia tschudii LR/lc

***Genus: Galea

**** Common Yellow-toothed Cavy Galea musteloides LR/lc

***Genus: Microcavia

**** Southern Mountain Cavy Microcavia australis LR/lc

**** Shipton's Mountain Cavy Microcavia shiptoni LR/lc

**Subfamily: Dolichotinae

***Genus: Dolichotis

**** Patagonian Mara Dolichotis patagonum LR/nt

**** Chacoan Mara Dolichotis salinicola LR/nt

**Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)

***Genus: Hydrochoerus

**** Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris LR/lc

*Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)

**Genus: Dasyprocta

*** Azara's Agouti Dasyprocta azarae VU

*** Central American Agouti Dasyprocta punctata LR/lc

*Family: Cuniculidae

**Genus: Cuniculus

*** Lowland Paca Cuniculus paca LC

*Family: Ctenomyidae

**Genus: Ctenomys

*** Argentine Tuco-tuco Ctenomys argentinus LR/lc

*** Southern Tuco-tuco Ctenomys australis LR/lc

*** Azara's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys azarae LR/lc

*** Bolivian Tuco-tuco Ctenomys boliviensis LR/lc

*** Bonetto's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys bonettoi LR/lc

*** Bolburn's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys colburni LR/lc

*** Conover's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys conoveri LR/lc

*** Emily's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys emilianus LR/lc

*** Forest Tuco-tuco Ctenomys frater LR/lc

*** Tawny Tuco-tuco Ctenomys fulvus LR/lc

*** Haig's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys haigi LR/lc

*** Catamarca Tuco-tuco Ctenomys knighti LR/lc

*** Mottled Tuco-tuco Ctenomys latro LR/nt

*** Magellanic Tuco-tuco Ctenomys magellanicus VU

*** Maule Tuco-tuco Ctenomys maulinus LR/lc

*** Mendoza Tuco-tuco Ctenomys mendocinus LR/lc

*** Tiny Tucu-tuco Ctenomys minutus LR/lc

*** Furtive Tuco-tuco Ctenomys occultus LR/lc

*** Highland Tuco-tuco Ctenomys opimus LR/lc

*** Goya Tuco-tuco Ctenomys perrensis LR/lc

*** San Luis Tuco-tuco Ctenomys pontifex LR/lc

*** Porteous's Tuco-tuco Ctenomys porteousi LR/lc

*** Salta Tuco-tuco Ctenomys saltarius LR/lc

*** Silky Tuco-tuco Ctenomys sericeus LR/lc

*** Social Tuco-tuco Ctenomys sociabilis LR/nt

*** Talas Tuco-tuco Ctenomys talarum LR/lc

*** Collared Tuco-tuco Ctenomys torquatus LR/lc

*** Robust Tuco-tuco Ctenomys tuconax LR/lc

*** Tucuman Tuco-tuco Ctenomys tucumanus LR/lc

*** Strong Tuco-tuco Ctenomys validus LR/lc

*Family: Octodontidae

**Genus: Aconaemys

*** Chilean Rock Rat Aconaemys fuscus LR/lc

*** Sage's Rock Rat Aconaemys sagei LR/lc

**Genus: Octodon

*** Bridges's Degu Octodon bridgesi LR/lc

**Genus: Octodontomys

*** Mountain Degu Octodontomys gliroides LR/lc

**Genus: Octomys

*** Octodontidae Octomys mimax LR/lc

**Genus: Tympanoctomys

*** Red Vizcacha Rat Tympanoctomys barrerae VU

*Family: Abrocomidae

**Genus: Abrocoma

*** Ashy Chinchilla Rat Abrocoma cinerea LR/lc

*Family: Echimyidae

**Subfamily: Dactylomyinae

***Genus: Kannabateomys

**** Southern Bamboo Rat Kannabateomys amblyonyx LR/lc

**Subfamily: Eumysopinae

***Genus: Euryzygomatomys

**** Fischer's Guiara Euryzygomatomys spinosus LR/lc

*Family: Myocastoridae (coypus)

**Genus: Myocastor

*** Coypu Myocastor coypus LR/lc

Suborder: Sciurognathi

*Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)

**Subfamily: Sciurinae

***Tribe: Sciurini

****Genus: Sciurus

***** Brazilian Squirrel Sciurus aestuans LR/lc

***** Bolivian Squirrel Sciurus ignitus LR/lc

*Family: Cricetidae

**Subfamily: Sigmodontinae

***Genus: Abrawayaomys

**** Abrawayaomys chebezi

***Genus: Abrothrix

**** Andean Altiplano Mouse Abrothrix andinus LR/lc

**** Gray Grass Mouse Abrothrix illuteus LR/lc

**** Jelski's Altiplano Mouse Abrothrix jelskii LR/lc

**** Woolly Grass Mouse Abrothrix lanosus LR/lc

**** Long-haired Grass Mouse Abrothrix longipilis LR/lc

**** Manso Grass Mouse Abrothrix mansoensis LR/lc

**** Olive Grass Mouse Abrothrix olivaceus LR/lc

**** Sanborn's Grass Mouse Abrothrix sanborni LR/lc

***Genus: Akodon

**** White-bellied Grass Mouse Akodon albiventer LR/lc

**** Azara's Grass Mouse Akodon azarae LR/lc

**** Budin's Grass Mouse Akodon budini LR/lc

**** Cursor Grass Mouse Akodon cursor LR/lc

**** Dolorous Grass Mouse Akodon dolores LR/lc

**** Intelligent Grass Mouse Akodon iniscatus LR/lc

**** Molina's Grass Mouse Akodon molinae LR/lc

**** Neuquen Grass Mouse Akodon neocenus LR/lc

**** Blackish Grass Mouse Akodon nigrita LR/lc

**** Akodon philipmyersi

**** Altiplano Grass Mouse Akodon puer LR/lc

**** White-throated Grass Mouse Akodon simulator LR/lc

**** Spegazzini's Grass Mouse Akodon spegazzinii LR/lc

**** Forest Grass Mouse Akodon sylvanus LR/lc

**** Chaco Grass Mouse Akodon toba LR/lc

***Genus: Andalgalomys

**** Olrog's Chaco Mouse Andalgalomys olrogi VU

***Genus: Andinomys

**** Andean Mouse Andinomys edax LR/lc

***Genus: Auliscomys

**** Southern Big-eared Mouse Auliscomys micropus LR/lc

**** Andean Big-eared Mouse Auliscomys sublimis LR/lc

***Genus: Bibimys

**** Bibimys Bibimys chacoensis LR/lc

**** Bibimys Bibimys torresi LR/nt

***Genus: Calomys

**** Crafty Vesper Mouse Calomys callidus LR/lc

**** Large Vesper Mouse Calomys callosus LR/lc

**** Small Vesper Mouse Calomys laucha LR/lc

**** Andean Vesper Mouse Calomys lepidus LR/lc

**** Drylands Vesper Mouse Calomys musculinus LR/lc

***Genus: Chelemys

**** Andean Long-clawed Mouse Chelemys macronyx LR/lc

***Genus: Chinchillula

**** Altiplano Chincilla Mouse Chinchillula sahamae LR/lc

***Genus: Delomys

**** Striped Atlantic Forest Rat Delomys dorsalis LR/lc

***Genus: Deltamys

**** Kemp's Grass Mouse Deltamys kempi LR/lc

***Genus: Eligmodontia

**** Monte Gerbil Mouse Eligmodontia moreni LR/lc

**** Morgan's Gerbil Mouse Eligmodontia morgani LR/lc

**** Andean Gerbil Mouse Eligmodontia puerulus LR/lc

**** Highland Gerbil Mouse Eligmodontia typus LR/lc

***Genus: Euneomys

**** Biting Chincilla Mouse Euneomys mordax LR/lc

**** Peterson's Chincilla Mouse Euneomys petersoni LR/lc

***Genus: Geoxus

**** Long-clawed Mole Mouse Geoxus valdivianus LR/lc

***Genus: Graomys

**** Pale Leaf-eared Mouse Graomys domorum LR/lc

**** Edith's Leaf-eared Mouse Graomys edithae LR/lc

**** Gray Leaf-eared Mouse Graomys griseoflavus LR/lc

***Genus: Holochilus

**** Web-footed Marsh Rat Holochilus brasiliensis LR/lc

**** Chaco Marsh Rat Holochilus chacarius LR/lc

***Genus: Irenomys

**** Chilean Climbing Mouse Irenomys tarsalis LR/lc

***Genus: Kunsia

**** Fossorial Giant Rat Kunsia fronto VU

***Genus: Necromys

**** Rufous-bellied Bolo Mouse Necromys lactens LR/lc

**** Hairy-tailed Bolo Mouse Necromys lasiurus LR/lc

**** Dark Bolo Mouse Necromys obscurus LR/lc

**** Temchuk's Bolo Mouse Necromys temchuki LR/lc

***Genus: Nectomys

**** Scaly-footed Water Rat Nectomys squamipes LR/lc

***Genus: Neotomys

**** Andean Swamp Rat Neotomys ebriosus LR/lc

***Genus: Notiomys

**** Edward's Long-clawed Mouse Notiomys edwardsii LR/lc

***Genus: Oligoryzomys

**** Chacoan Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys chacoensis LR/lc

**** Yellow Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys flavescens LR/lc

**** Long-tailed Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys longicaudatus LR/lc

**** Magellanic Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys magellanicus LR/lc

**** Small-eared Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys microtis LR/lc

**** Black-footed Pygmy Rice Rat Oligoryzomys nigripes LR/lc

***Genus: Oryzomys

**** Paraguayan Rice Rat Oryzomys angouya LR/lc

**** Intermediate Rice Rat Oryzomys laticeps LR/lc

**** Tarija Rice Rat Oryzomys legatus LR/lc

**** Elegant Rice Rat Oryzomys nitidus LR/lc

**** Terraced Rice Rat Oryzomys subflavus LR/lc

***Genus: Oxymycterus

**** Argentine Hocicudo Oxymycterus akodontius LR/lc

**** Hispid Hocicudo Oxymycterus hispidus LR/lc

**** Ihering's Hocicudo Oxymycterus iheringi LR/lc

**** Paramo Hocicudo Oxymycterus paramensis LR/lc

**** Red Hocicudo Oxymycterus rufus LR/lc

***Genus: Phyllotis

**** Buenos Aires Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis bonariensis NT

**** Capricorn Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis caprinus LR/lc

**** Darwin's Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis darwini LR/lc

**** Bunchgrass Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis osilae LR/lc

**** Yellow-rumped Leaf-eared Mouse Phyllotis xanthopygus LR/lc

***Genus: Pseudoryzomys

**** Brazilian False Rice Rat Pseudoryzomys simplex LR/lc

***Genus: Reithrodon

**** Bunny Rat Reithrodon auritus LR/lc

***Genus: Rhipidomys

**** Southern Climbing Mouse Rhipidomys austrinus LR/lc

***Genus: Scapteromys

**** Waterhouse's Swamp Rat Scapteromys tumidus LR/lc

***Genus: Wilfredomys

**** Lesser Wilfred's Mouse Wilfredomys pictipes LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

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The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

Family: Leporidae

*Genus: Sylvilagus

** Tapeti Sylvilagus brasiliensis LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

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The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

Family: Noctilionidae

*Genus: Noctilio

** Lesser Bulldog Bat Noctilio albiventris LR/lc

** Greater Bulldog Bat Noctilio leporinus LR/lc

Family: Vespertilionidae

*Subfamily: Myotinae

**Genus: Myotis

*** Southern Myotis Myotis aelleni VU

*** Silver-tipped Myotis Myotis albescens LR/lc

*** Chilean Myotis Myotis chiloensis LR/nt

*** Hairy-legged Myotis Myotis keaysi LR/lc

*** Yellowish Myotis Myotis levis LR/lc

*** Black Myotis Myotis nigricans LR/lc

*** Riparian Myotis Myotis riparius LR/lc

*** Red Myotis Myotis ruber VU

*** Velvety Myotis Myotis simus LR/lc

*Subfamily: Vespertilioninae

**Genus: Eptesicus

*** Brazilian Brown Bat Eptesicus brasiliensis LR/lc

*** Diminutive Serotine Eptesicus diminutus LR/lc

*** Argentine Brown Bat Eptesicus furinalis LR/lc

*** Harmless Serotine Eptesicus innoxius VU

**Genus: Histiotus

*** Big-eared Brown Bat Histiotus macrotus LR/nt

*** Small Big-eared Brown Bat Histiotus montanus LR/lc

**Genus: Lasiurus

*** Desert red bat Lasiurus blossevillii LR/lc

*** Hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus LR/lc

*** Southern Yellow Bat Lasiurus ega LR/lc

Family: Molossidae

*Genus: Cynomops

** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat Cynomops abrasus LR/nt

** Southern Dog-faced Bat Cynomops planirostris LR/lc

*Genus: Eumops

** Black Bonneted Bat Eumops auripendulus LR/lc

** Dwarf Bonneted Bat Eumops bonariensis LR/lc

** Big Bonneted Bat Eumops dabbenei LR/lc

** Wagner's Bonneted Bat Eumops glaucinus LR/lc

** Western mastiff bat Eumops perotis LR/lc

*Genus: Molossops

** Rufous Dog-faced Bat Molossops neglectus LR/nt

** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat Molossops temminckii LR/lc

*Genus: Molossus

** Black Mastiff Bat Molossus ater LR/lc

** Velvety Free-tailed Bat Molossus molossus LR/lc

*Genus: Nyctinomops

** Broad-eared Bat Nyctinomops laticaudatus LR/lc

** Big Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops macrotis LR/lc

*Genus: Promops

** Big Crested Mastiff Bat Promops centralis LR/lc

** Brown Mastiff Bat Promops nasutus LR/lc

*Genus: Tadarida

** Mexican Free-tailed Bat Tadarida brasiliensis LR/nt

Family: Phyllostomidae

*Subfamily: Phyllostominae

**Genus: Chrotopterus

*** Big-eared Wooly Bat Chrotopterus auritus LR/lc

**Genus: Lophostoma

*** White-throated Round-eared Bat Lophostoma silvicolum LR/lc

**Genus: Macrophyllum

*** Long-legged Bat Macrophyllum macrophyllum LR/lc

**Genus: Phyllostomus

*** Pale Spear-nosed Bat Phyllostomus discolor LR/lc

*** Greater Spear-nosed Bat Phyllostomus hastatus LR/lc

**Genus: Tonatia

*** Greater Round-eared Bat Tonatia bidens LR/lc

*Subfamily: Glossophaginae

**Genus: Anoura

*** Tailed Tailless Bat Anoura caudifer LR/lc

**Genus: Glossophaga

*** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat Glossophaga soricina LR/lc

*Subfamily: Carolliinae

**Genus: Carollia

*** Seba's Short-tailed Bat Carollia perspicillata LR/lc

*Subfamily: Stenodermatinae

**Genus: Artibeus

*** Fringed Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus fimbriatus LR/nt

*** Jamaican fruit bat Artibeus jamaicensis LR/lc

*** Great Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus lituratus LR/lc

*** Flat-faced Fruit-eating Bat Artibeus planirostris LR/lc

**Genus: Pygoderma

*** Ipanema Bat Pygoderma bilabiatum LR/nt

**Genus: Sturnira

*** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira bogotensis LR/lc

*** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira erythromos LR/lc

*** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat Sturnira lilium LR/lc

**Genus: Platyrrhinus

*** White-lined Broad-nosed Bat Platyrrhinus lineatus LR/lc

*Subfamily: Desmodontinae

**Genus: Desmodus

*** Common Vampire Bat Desmodus rotundus LR/lc

**Genus: Diaemus

*** White-winged Vampire Bat Diaemus youngi LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

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The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

Suborder: Mysticeti

*Family: Balaenidae

**Genus: Eubalaena

*** Southern Right Whale Eubalaena australis LR/cd

*Family: Balaenopteridae

**Subfamily: Balaenopterinae

***Genus: Balaenoptera

**** Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata LR/nt

**** Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis EN

**** Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera edeni DD

**** Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus EN

**** Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus EN

**Subfamily: Megapterinae

***Genus: Megaptera

**** Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae VU

*Family: Neobalaenidae

**Genus: Caperea

*** Pygmy Right Whale Caperea marginata LR/lc

Suborder: Odontoceti

*Superfamily: Platanistoidea

**Family: Pontoporiidae

***Genus: Pontoporia

**** La Plata Dolphin Pontoporia blainvillei DD

**Family: Phocoenidae

***Genus: Phocoena

**** Spectacled Porpoise Phocoena dioptrica DD

**** Burmeister's Porpoise Phocoena spinipinnis DD

**Family: Physeteridae

***Genus: Physeter

**** Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus VU

**Family: Kogiidae

***Genus: Kogia

**** Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps LR/lc

**Family: Ziphidae

***Genus: Ziphius

**** Cuvier's Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris DD

***Genus: Berardius

**** Giant beaked whale Berardius arnuxii LR/cd

***Genus: Tasmacetus

**** Shepherd's Beaked Whale Tasmacetus shepherdi DD

***Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae

****Genus: Hyperoodon

***** Bottlenose whale Hyperoodon planifrons LR/cd

****Genus: Mesoplodon

***** Gray's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon grayi DD

***** Hector's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon hectori DD

***** Layard's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon layardii DD

**Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)

***Genus: Cephalorhynchus

**** Commerson's Dolphin Cephalorhynchus commersonii DD

**** Chilean Dolphin Cephalorhynchus eutropia DD

***Genus: Tursiops

**** Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus DD

***Genus: Stenella

**** Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata LR/cd

**** Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba LR/cd

**** Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris LR/cd

***Genus: Delphinus

**** Long-beaked Common Dolphin Delphinus capensis DD

***Genus: Lagenorhynchus

**** Peale's Dolphin Lagenorhynchus australis DD

**** Hourglass Dolphin Lagenorhynchus cruciger LR/lc

**** Dusky Dolphin Lagenorhynchus obscurus DD

***Genus: Lissodelphis

**** Southern Right Whale Dolphin Lissodelphis peronii DD

***Genus: Grampus

**** Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus DD

***Genus: Pseudorca

**** False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens LR/lc

***Genus: Orcinus

**** Orca Orcinus orca LR/cd

***Genus: Globicephala

**** Long-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melas DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

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The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

Suborder: Feliformia

*Family: Felidae (cats)

**Subfamily: Felinae

***Genus: Leopardus

**** Colocolo Leopardus colocolo NT

**** Geoffroy's Cat Leopardus geoffroyi NT

**** Kodkod Leopardus guigna VU

**** Andean Mountain Cat Leopardus jacobitus EN

**** Ocelot Leopardus pardalis LC

**** Oncilla Leopardus tigrinus NT

**** Margay Leopardus wiedii LC

***Genus: Puma

**** Cougar Puma concolor NT

**** Jaguarundi Puma yagouaroundi LC

**Subfamily: Pantherinae

***Genus: Panthera

**** Jaguar Panthera onca NT

Suborder: Caniformia

*Family: Canidae

**Genus: Lycalopex

*** Culpeo Lycalopex culpaeus LC

*** South American Gray Fox Lycalopex griseus LC

*** Pampas Fox Lycalopex gymnocercus LC

**Genus: Cerdocyon

*** Crab-eating Fox Cerdocyon thous LC

**Genus: Speothos

*** Bush Dog Speothos venaticus VU

**Genus: Chrysocyon

*** Maned Wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus NT

*Family: Ursidae (bears)

**Genus: Tremarctos

*** Spectacled Bear Tremarctos ornatus VU

*Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)

**Genus: Procyon

*** Crab-eating Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus LR/lc

**Genus: Nasua

*** South American Coati Nasua nasua LR/lc

*Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)

**Genus: Eira

*** Tayra Eira barbara LR/lc

**Genus: Galictis

*** Lesser Grison Galictis cuja LR/lc

**Genus: Lyncodon

*** Patagonian Weasel Lyncodon patagonicus LR/lc

**Genus: Lontra

*** Marine Otter Lontra felina EN

*** Neotropical River Otter Lontra longicaudis DD

*** Southern River Otter Lontra provocax EN

**Genus: Pteronura

*** Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis EN

*Family: Otariidae

**Genus: Arctocephalus

*** South American Fur Seal Arctocephalus australis LR/lc

*** Subantarctic Fur Seal Arctocephalus tropicalis LR/lc

**Genus: Otaria

*** South American Sea Lion Otaria flavescens LR/lc

*Family: Phocidae (earless seals)

**Genus: Leptonychotes

*** Weddell Seal Leptonychotes weddellii LR/lc

**Genus: Lobodon

*** Crabeater Seal Lobodon carcinophaga LR/lc

**Genus: Mirounga

*** Southern Elephant Seal Mirounga leonina LR/lc

*Family: Mephitidae

**Genus: Conepatus

*** Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk Conepatus chinga LR/lc

*** Humboldt's Hog-nosed Skunk Conepatus humboldtii LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

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The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)

*Genus: Tapirus

** Brazilian Tapir Tapirus terrestris VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

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The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)

*Genus: Catagonus

** Chacoan Peccary Catagonus wagneri EN

*Genus: Pecari

** Collared Peccary Pecari tajacu LC

*Genus: Tayassu

** White-lipped Peccary Tayassu pecari NT

Family: Camelidae

*Genus: Lama

** Guanaco Lama guanicoe LR/lc

*Genus: Vicugna

** Vicuna Vicugna vicugna LR/cd

Family: Cervidae (deer)

*Subfamily: Capreolinae

**Genus: Blastocerus

*** Marsh deer Blastocerus dichotomus VU

**Genus: Hippocamelus

*** Peruvian Huemul Hippocamelus antisensis DD

*** South Andean Huemul Hippocamelus bisulcus EN

**Genus: Mazama

*** Red Brocket Mazama americana DD

*** Gray Brocket Mazama gouazoupira DD

*** Pygmy Brocket Mazama nana DD

**Genus: Ozotoceros

*** Pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus NT

**Genus: Pudu

*** Pudu Pudu puda VU

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

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Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)

*Subfamily: Caluromyinae

**Genus: Caluromys

*** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum Caluromys lanatus LR/nt

*Subfamily: Didelphinae

**Genus: Chironectes

*** Water Opossum Chironectes minimus LR/nt

**Genus: Didelphis

*** White-eared Opossum Didelphis albiventris LR/lc

*** Big-eared Opossum Didelphis aurita LR/lc

*** Common Opossum Didelphis marsupialis LR/lc

**Genus: Gracilinanus

*** Agile Gracile Opossum Gracilinanus agilis LR/nt

**Genus: Lestodelphys

*** Patagonian Opossum Lestodelphys halli VU

**Genus: Lutreolina

*** Lutrine Opossum Lutreolina crassicaudata LR/lc

**Genus: Metachirus

*** Brown Four-eyed Opossum Metachirus nudicaudatus LR/lc

**Genus: Micoureus

*** White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum Micoureus constantiae LR/nt

**Genus: Monodelphis

*** Yellow-sided Opossum Monodelphis dimidiata LR/nt

*** Southern Red-sided Opossum Monodelphis sorex VU

**Genus: Philander

*** Gray Four-eyed Opossum Philander opossum LR/lc

**Genus: Thylamys

*** Elegant Fat-tailed Opossum Thylamys elegans LR/lc

*** Pallid Fat-tailed Opossum Thylamys pallidior LR/lc

*** Small Fat-tailed Opossum Thylamys pusilla LR/lc

Order: Microbiotheria (Monito del Monte)

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The Monito del Monte is the only extant member of its family and the only surviving member of an ancient order, the Microbiotheria.

Family: Microbiotheriidae

*Genus: Dromiciops

** Monito del Monte Dromiciops gliroides VU

See also

List of chordate orders

List of regional mammals lists

List of prehistoric mammals

Mammal classification

New mammal species

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article List of mammals of Argentina


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