The Black Capuchin, Cebus nigritus, also known as the Black-horned Capuchin, is a capuchin monkey from the Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Brazil and far north-eastern Argentina. It has traditionally been included as a subspecies of the Tufted Capuchin.
The Black Capuchin has three subspecies: Cebus n. nigritus (nominate) and C. n. cucullatus are found in the southern part of this species' range, and both have a distinctive pair of tufts on the crown, as also suggested by the alternative common name of this species; Black-horned Capuchin. The last subspecies, the Robust Tufted Capuchin (C. n. robustus) is found in the northern part of this species range, and has a median conical crest on the crown.Rylands, A. B., Kierulff, M. C. M., & Mittermeier, R. A. (2005). Notes on the taxonomy and distributions of the tufted capuchin monkeys of South America. Lundiana 6 (supp.): 97-110
The Black Capuchin's population number is unknown, but thought to be declining.
This is due mostly to habitat loss, hunting, and the pet trade.Wildlife as Canon sees it. n.a.. National Geographic Magazine, June 2008.
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