Hugo Banzer Suarez was a politician, military general, dictator and President of Bolivia. He held the Bolivian presidency twice: from August 22, 1971 to July 21, 1978, as a dictator; and then again from August 6, 1997 to August 7, 2001, as constitutional President.
Hugo Banzer was native to the rural lowlands of the department of Santa Cruz. He attended military schools in Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil and the United States, including the Armored Cavalry School at Fort Hood, Texas. He took a Motor Officer Course as the School of the Americas. He was a descendant of German immigrant Georg Banzer Schewetering
Promoted to colonel, in 1961, and appointed three years later to head the Ministry of Education and Culture in the government of General Rene Barrientos, a personal friend, Banzer became increasingly involved in politics, siding with the right wing of the Bolivian Army. He was also appointed director of the Military Academy and the Coronel Gualberto Villarroel Military School.