Hornos Island is a Chilean island at the southern tip of South America. The island is mostly known for being the location of Cape Horn. It is generally considered South America's southernmost island, but the Diego Ramirez Islands are farther south. The island is one of the Hermite Islands, part of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago.
The Chilean Navy maintains a station on the island, consisting of a residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse; Isla Hornos Lighthouse, from Lighthouse Depot. Retrieved February 5, 2006. A short distance from the main station is a memorial, including a large sculpture featuring the silhouette of an albatross, in honour of the sailors who died while attempting to "round the Horn". Cape Horn Memorial, by Roberto Benavente; from Fundacion Caphorniers Chile. Retrieved February 5, 2006.
The island is within the Cabo de Hornos National Park.
The composition of the island is mainly of Cretaceous granite with Jurassic volcanic rocks in the northwest. The lower areas of the island are filled with peat moss.
Mean Temperature: 5.3 Celsius
Maximum Temperature: 20.5 Celsius (February 1996)
Minimum Temperature: -14.5 Celsius (June 1992)
Mean Relative humidity: 86.4 %
Mean Wind Direction: 264
Mean Wind Speed: 84 knots
Maximum Wind Speed: 119 knots(August 1995)
Rainfall (yearly mean): 697.5 mm.
Maximum Rainfall: 1263.2 (1990)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Hornos Island