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Desventuradas Islands


The Desventuradas Islands is a group of four small islands located off the cost of Chile in the Pacific Ocean. The islands together have a total land area of four square kilometers.

The vegetation is a miniature mosaic of matorral, barren rock, various size trees, and shrubs mixed with ferns and perennial herbs.

There are no permanent sources of fresh water on the islands. Vertebrates inhabiting both islands are exclusively limited to birds. Ten species of marine birds and one land bird species, some of them endangered, make their nests on or visit the islands.

Because of their isolation and difficulty of access, there are no human settlements on these islands, but a detachment of the Chilean Navy is stationed on Isla San Felix, which also hosts a 2,000 meter runway.

History

The islands were sighted by Juan Fernandez in 1574, and perhaps earlier by Ferdinand Magellan in 1520. Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa wrote in 1579 that "they are now called after St Felix and St Ambor (i.e. Felix and Nabor)". However, by linguistic corruption, the name of the martyr Ambor (Nabor) became confused with that of the more famous bishop Saint Ambrose (San Ambrosio).B. Glanvill Corney, "The Isles of San Felix and San Nabor," The Geographical Journal, Vol. 56, No. 3 (September 1920), pp. 196200

List of islands and location

Desventuradas Islands ('Unfortunate Islands'), from east to west:

External links

San Felix and San Ambrosio Islands (World Wildlife Fund)

GoogleMaps picture of San Felix island

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Desventuradas Islands


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