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Alberto de Agostini National Park
Magallanes y Antartica Chilena Region
National parks of Chile
Geography of Magellan and Chilean Antarctica Region
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Alberto de Agostini National Park is a park located in the Chilean part of Tierra del Fuego. It covers and includes the Cordillera Darwin mountain range. The park is named after Alberto Maria de Agostini, who was an Italian missionary and explorer. Several tidewater glaciers and steep fjords form part of this park. The park also comprises the islands Gordon, Londonderry and part of the Hoste Island (excluding the Hardy Peninsula and other portions).
The area was visited by Charles Darwin. Picturesque areas such as Agostini Fjord were discovered only in the past century.
The park, along with Cabo de Hornos National Park, was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2005, which is called Cabo de Hornos.
The park features a highly irregular coastline, which is deeply indent by fjords. The centerpiece of the park is the Cordillera Darwin, whose slopes drop precipitously to the sea. The Darwin range is dominated by Monte Darwin and Monte Sarmiento. The valleys not filled by the sea are covered by glaciers, which also occupy small high plateaus.
Much of the landscape of the park has been sculpted by glaciers. The largest glacier is the Marinelli, which is in a state of retreat as of 2008.C. Michael Hogan. 2008 Bahia Wulaia Dome Middens, Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham One of the most stunning portions of the park is the Seno Pia, an embayment of the Beagle Channel. The glaciers and mountains in this area form an amazing scenery, which also comprises the majestic Mount Darwin. Another glacier-related highlight of the park is the Avenue of the Glaciers'', where the word avenue is used in a figurative sense describing a zone of the north-west arm of the Beagle Channel from which is possible to appreciate several beautiful glaciers when sailing along the north shore of it. These glaciers are: Espana, Romanche, Alemania (also known as Roncagli), Italia, Francia and Holanda.
The climate of the park is classified as subpolar oceanic climate.
The park is part of the Magellanic subpolar forests ecoregion. This pristine coastal ecosystem is home to various species of trees such as the Coihue of Magallanes (Nothofagus betuloides) and the Canelo (Drimys winteri).
The wildlife is mainly marine and includes Marine Otters, South American Sea Lions and Southern Elephant Seals.
No roads lead to the park and most visitors arrive by cruise ship or other boats.
Parque Nacional Alberto de Agostini
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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Alberto de Agostini National Park