Chiloe National Park
National parks of Chile
Natural history of Chile
Wild areas protected of Chile
National parks of Chile Forum
Chiloe National Park is a national park of Chile, located in the western coast of Chiloe Island, in Los Lagos Region (region of the lakes). It encompasses an area of divided into two main sectors: the smallest, called Chepu, is in the commune of Ancud, whereas the rest, called Anay, is in the communes of Dalcahue, Castro and Chonchi. The greater portion of the Park is in the foothills of Chilean Coastal Range, known as the Cordillera del Piuchen. It includes zones of dunes, Valdivian temperate rain forests, swamps, and peat bogs. A small portion, Metalqui, is an islet with an area of . It is located between 42 07' and 42 13' south latitude and between 73 55' and 74 09' west longitude (see ).
The park was created by Supreme Chilean Decree N 734, in 1983. Its surface area has been reduced by more than by populated land that was initially in the protected area.
The climate is wet and temperate, with average annual temperatures of and abundant precipitation distributed uniformly throughout the year, varying according to the altitude. On the Pacific coast over fall annually, while in the higher elevations of the Piuchen, nearly fall, and on the rainshadowed eastern slopes, as little as in annual precipitation is measured.
The predominant vegetation is that of the Valdivian forest, a dense forest formed by perennial trees, shrubs and climbing plants. The rainforests are made up of evergreen southern beech (Nothofagus), and some native conifers, including the magnificent alerce (Fitzroya cupressoides). Extensive bogs and swamps are found in the hills. The Chilean rhubarb is also very common.
Translated from the Spanish site (see interwiki link).
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Chiloe National Park