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Rapa Nui National Park


Rapa Nui National Park is a World Heritage Site located on Easter Island, Chile. The park is divided into seven sections:

Rano Kau (which includes Orongo)

Puna Pau (named after the quarry where the pukao were carved).

Rano Raraku (named after the quarry where most of the moai were carved).

Anakena - Ovahe

Ahu Akivi

Costa Norte

Hanga Roa (Urban Area).

History

The early history involves human settlement roughly one millennium before present. Subsequent human overpopulation and resultant deforestation led to collapse of the human society. Archaeological evidence of the earlier habitation consists of the moai themselves as well as the pollen and fossil records. Through these records, scientists have come to understand the role of a now extinct Rapa Nui Palm, which offered food, fuel and transport for the early settlers.

Chile first declared the island a National Park in 1935, and on 22 March 1996 UNESCO designated the island a World Heritage Site. Park boundaries have since varied on several occasions, to return land to the islanders.

References

C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Chilean Wine Palm: Jubaea chilensis, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg

UNESCO. 2009. Rapa Nui National Park - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

[[:ro:Parcul National Rapa NUI|Parcul National Rapa NUI]]

Official Site

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Rapa Nui National Park


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