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Alfredo Bravo (30 April 1925 26 May 2003) was an Argentine Socialist politician, teacher, leader of the teachers' union CTERA, human rights fighter, and legislator.
Bravo was born in Concepcion del Uruguay, Entre Rios Province. He studied in Avellaneda, Buenos Aires Province, and became a teacher at 18. He settled in a rural town in the north of Santa Fe Province, which he left when he was drafted. He moved to Buenos Aires afterwards, where he joined the union movement.
He took part in the writing of the Teacher's Statute and was involved in the unification of the teachers' labour movement into the Education Workers Confederation of the Argentine Republic (CTERA), of which he became Secretary General.
He left the Socialist Party in 1957, since he opposed the participation of many of his fellow party members in the Counseling Junta created by the military who had ousted President Juan Peron two years before.
On 8 September 1977, about a year and a half after the coup d'etat that started the dictatorship of the National Reorganization Process, Bravo was kidnapped by a government task force while he was teaching. He remained "disappeared" until 20 September, and was only released in 1979. During his detention he was tortured, which left him with vascular damage in his legs. Bravo recognized Buenos Aires Provincial Police officer Miguel Etchecolatz and General Ramon Camps as his torturers.
Once freed, he became a human rights militant at the Permanent Assembly for Human Rights (APDH). President Raul Alfonsin, who was elected democratically in 1983 and ordered the trial of the dictatorship's leaders, appointed him Subsecretary of State in the area of Education; however, Bravo resigned after the passing of the Full Stop Law and the Due Obedience Law, which halted judicial procedures on many people involved in the crimes of the dictatorial period.
Bravo returned to his party in the late 1980s, and was elected a National Deputy in 1991. He was reelected in 1995 and 1999. He became a personal friend of his fellow Deputy Elisa Carrio (founder of ARI), and participated in the Alliance for Work, Justice and Education, which brought Fernando de la Rua to the presidency in the 2001 elections, though later he distanced himself from de la Rua's policies.
As a fan of River Plate, que was a member of the Representative's Assembly for the Agrupacion Tradicional, between 1993 and 1997. In 1997, he ran for President. In 2001, Alfredo Bravo was part of the formula of the Agrupacion Tradicional who had Carlos Lancioni as candidate for President.
In 2001 he ran for senator representing the City of Buenos Aires and obtained enough votes to win a seat, but a legal conflict led to the assumption of Gustavo Beliz instead.
In the 2003 elections he ran for president (with Ruben Giustiniani as candidate for vice-president), but he only gathered about 1% of the vote.
On the early hours of 26 May 2003, one day after the inauguration of President Nestor Kirchner, Bravo suffered a heart attack and died. He had a public funeral at the Salon de los Pasos Perdidos of the Argentine Congress, attended by members of the whole political establishment.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article Alfredo Bravo